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Table 2 provides a snapshot of the overlap between the Thai Customs Department dataset and the CPFS. In 2013, there were a total of 98,647 traders.8 Of these, just over half were registered firms. Thus, a large portion of trading activity in Thailand is conducted by nonregistered entities (individuals and firms). This, in part, reflects the large informal sector of the Thai economy. While the majority of pure exporters and importers are not registered, most hybrids are registered. In what follows in this section, we focus only on registered firms.

Table 2. 
Overview of Trading Firms, 2013
 Registered Firms Nonregistered Traders Total 
Pure exporters 7,408 10,593 18,001 
 (7.5%) (10.7%) (18.2%) 
Pure importers 28,282 32,456 60,738 
 (28.7%) (32.9%) (61.6%) 
Hybrids 17,562 2,346 19,908 
 (17.8%) (2.4%) (20.2%) 
Total 53,252 45,395 98,647 
 (54.0%) (46.0%) (100.0%) 
 Registered Firms Nonregistered Traders Total 
Pure exporters 7,408 10,593 18,001 
 (7.5%) (10.7%) (18.2%) 
Pure importers 28,282 32,456 60,738 
 (28.7%) (32.9%) (61.6%) 
Hybrids 17,562 2,346 19,908 
 (17.8%) (2.4%) (20.2%) 
Total 53,252 45,395 98,647 
 (54.0%) (46.0%) (100.0%) 

Sources: Thai Customs Department, Ministry of Commerce, and authors’ calculations.

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