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Table 1. 
Top 30 Economies by ‘Revealed’ Comparative Advantagea in Agriculture, Mining, Manufacturing, and Services, 2014
AgricultureMiningManufacturingServices
Malawi 8.35 Angola 6.07 Bangladeshb 1.65 Bermuda 4.60 
Guyana 7.90 Algeria 5.76 People's Republic of China 1.65 Macau, China 4.55 
Benin 7.81 Kuwait 5.70 Botswana 1.55 Grenadab 4.36 
Paraguay 7.49 Nigeria 5.67 Slovak Republic 1.53 Palau 4.32 
Burkina Faso 7.18 Brunei Darussalam 5.58 Czech Republic 1.50 Maldives 4.25 
Cote d'Ivoire 7.02 Saudi Arabia 5.24 Mexico 1.44 Antigua and Barbuda 4.23 
New Zealand 6.65 Oman 5.20 Republic of Korea 1.40 St. Kitts and Nevis 4.19 
Uruguay 6.14 Mongolia 5.17 Japan 1.37 Sint Maarten 4.18 
Ethiopia 5.98 Azerbaijan 5.13 Viet Nam 1.37 Cabo Verde 4.15 
Argentina 5.87 Qatar 5.06 Germany 1.34 Aruba 4.15 
Burundi 5.73 Kazakhstan 4.99 Slovenia 1.33 Dominicab 4.05 
Moldova 5.38 Sierra Leone 4.84 Italy 1.32 French Polynesia 4.05 
Zimbabwe 5.29 Guinea 4.83 Hungary 1.31 Vanuatub 3.94 
Nicaragua 5.25 Zambia 4.62 Switzerland 1.24 Luxembourg 3.93 
Honduras 5.22 Bolivia 4.62 Poland 1.23 St. Lucia 3.91 
Fiji 4.55 Russian Federation 4.18 Thailand 1.18 Timor-Lesteb 3.87 
Uganda 4.49 Niger 3.87 Israel 1.17 Malta 3.84 
Ecuador 4.48 Colombia 3.84 Pakistan 1.17 St. Vincent and the Grenadinesb 3.77 
Guatemala 4.44 Democratic Republic of Congo 3.67 Tunisia 1.15 Sao Tome and Principe 3.75 
Tanzania 4.38 Republic of Yemen 3.66 Austria 1.14 Samoa 3.72 
Belize 4.38 Bahrain 3.64 Romania 1.14 Cyprus 3.62 
Brazil 4.13 Mozambique 3.51 Macedonia 1.14 Bahamas 3.58 
Kiribati 4.09 Mauritania 3.48 Turkey 1.14 Lebanon 3.58 
Mauritania 4.01 Trinidad and Tobago 3.47 Cambodia 1.12 Montenegrob 3.54 
Senegal 3.54 Australia 3.36 Belgium 1.10 Tonga 3.52 
Ukraine 3.15 Peru 3.34 Philippines 1.08 Djiboutib 3.49 
Chile 3.13 Norway 3.33 Hong Kong, China 1.06 Afghanistan 3.29 
Iceland 2.98 Ecuador 3.15 France 1.02 Curacaob 3.28 
Costa Rica 2.97 Chile 3.14 El Salvador 1.01 Jamaica 3.14 
Myanmar 2.91 Cameroon 2.62 Malaysia 1.01 Nepal 2.85 
AgricultureMiningManufacturingServices
Malawi 8.35 Angola 6.07 Bangladeshb 1.65 Bermuda 4.60 
Guyana 7.90 Algeria 5.76 People's Republic of China 1.65 Macau, China 4.55 
Benin 7.81 Kuwait 5.70 Botswana 1.55 Grenadab 4.36 
Paraguay 7.49 Nigeria 5.67 Slovak Republic 1.53 Palau 4.32 
Burkina Faso 7.18 Brunei Darussalam 5.58 Czech Republic 1.50 Maldives 4.25 
Cote d'Ivoire 7.02 Saudi Arabia 5.24 Mexico 1.44 Antigua and Barbuda 4.23 
New Zealand 6.65 Oman 5.20 Republic of Korea 1.40 St. Kitts and Nevis 4.19 
Uruguay 6.14 Mongolia 5.17 Japan 1.37 Sint Maarten 4.18 
Ethiopia 5.98 Azerbaijan 5.13 Viet Nam 1.37 Cabo Verde 4.15 
Argentina 5.87 Qatar 5.06 Germany 1.34 Aruba 4.15 
Burundi 5.73 Kazakhstan 4.99 Slovenia 1.33 Dominicab 4.05 
Moldova 5.38 Sierra Leone 4.84 Italy 1.32 French Polynesia 4.05 
Zimbabwe 5.29 Guinea 4.83 Hungary 1.31 Vanuatub 3.94 
Nicaragua 5.25 Zambia 4.62 Switzerland 1.24 Luxembourg 3.93 
Honduras 5.22 Bolivia 4.62 Poland 1.23 St. Lucia 3.91 
Fiji 4.55 Russian Federation 4.18 Thailand 1.18 Timor-Lesteb 3.87 
Uganda 4.49 Niger 3.87 Israel 1.17 Malta 3.84 
Ecuador 4.48 Colombia 3.84 Pakistan 1.17 St. Vincent and the Grenadinesb 3.77 
Guatemala 4.44 Democratic Republic of Congo 3.67 Tunisia 1.15 Sao Tome and Principe 3.75 
Tanzania 4.38 Republic of Yemen 3.66 Austria 1.14 Samoa 3.72 
Belize 4.38 Bahrain 3.64 Romania 1.14 Cyprus 3.62 
Brazil 4.13 Mozambique 3.51 Macedonia 1.14 Bahamas 3.58 
Kiribati 4.09 Mauritania 3.48 Turkey 1.14 Lebanon 3.58 
Mauritania 4.01 Trinidad and Tobago 3.47 Cambodia 1.12 Montenegrob 3.54 
Senegal 3.54 Australia 3.36 Belgium 1.10 Tonga 3.52 
Ukraine 3.15 Peru 3.34 Philippines 1.08 Djiboutib 3.49 
Chile 3.13 Norway 3.33 Hong Kong, China 1.06 Afghanistan 3.29 
Iceland 2.98 Ecuador 3.15 France 1.02 Curacaob 3.28 
Costa Rica 2.97 Chile 3.14 El Salvador 1.01 Jamaica 3.14 
Myanmar 2.91 Cameroon 2.62 Malaysia 1.01 Nepal 2.85 

Notes:

aIndex of “revealed” comparative advantage (RCA) is the share of a sector in an economy's total goods and service exports divided by that sector's share in global international trade in goods and services (Balassa 1965). The export shares range from 62% to 24% for agriculture, 96% to 41% for mining, 86% to 52% for manufacturing, and 98% to 61% for services. (There are well over 30 more economies whose services share of exports exceeds twice the global average of 21%.)

bDue to insufficient data for some other variables, these economies are not included in Figures 4, 6, and 7 and in the regressions reported in subsequent tables.

Source: Authors’ compilation based on United Nations (2018) export value data for goods and International Monetary Fund balance of payments data for services as presented in World Bank (2018).

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