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Table 1. 
The new UNCTAD-WTO NTM classification
Import measures Technical measures Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures 
  Non-sanitary technical regulations (TBT) 
  Customs formalities, including PSI 
 Non-technical measures Contingent protection (Anti-dumping, CD, safeguards) 
  QR and non-automatic licensing 
  Price-control measures, including additional taxes & surcharges 
  Finance measures 
  Measures affecting competition 
  Trade-related investment measures (TRIMs) 
  Distribution restrictions 
  Restrictions on post-sales services 
  Subsides (excluding export subsidies) 
  Government procurement restrictions 
  Intellectual property 
  Rules of origin 
  Export-related measures 
Import measures Technical measures Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures 
  Non-sanitary technical regulations (TBT) 
  Customs formalities, including PSI 
 Non-technical measures Contingent protection (Anti-dumping, CD, safeguards) 
  QR and non-automatic licensing 
  Price-control measures, including additional taxes & surcharges 
  Finance measures 
  Measures affecting competition 
  Trade-related investment measures (TRIMs) 
  Distribution restrictions 
  Restrictions on post-sales services 
  Subsides (excluding export subsidies) 
  Government procurement restrictions 
  Intellectual property 
  Rules of origin 
  Export-related measures 

Source: Authors’ compilation fromUNCTAD 2012 .

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