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Table 8. 
Attrition and Student Characteristics
In Sample – Following YearIn Sample – Two Years Later
LinearQuarticLinearQuartic
Score Range/Bandwidth520520
Current year     
Disciplinary incident −0.017 −0.040* −0.019 −0.046* 
 (0.023) (0.022) (0.025) (0.024) 
In-school suspension 0.002 −0.006 0.002 −0.007 
 (0.011) (0.010) (0.012) (0.012) 
Out-of-school suspension −0.013 −0.025 −0.016 −0.029 
 (0.015) (0.018) (0.016) (0.018) 
Prior year     
Disciplinary incident −0.006 −0.008 −0.005 −0.007 
 (0.006) (0.010) (0.006) (0.009) 
In-school suspension −0.016*** −0.020*** −0.014*** −0.017* 
 (0.002) (0.007) (0.003) (0.007) 
Out-of-school suspension −0.005 −0.006 −0.006 −0.007 
 (0.006) (0.007) (0.005) (0.006) 
Limited English proficiency 0.018 0.026 0.010 0.012 
 (0.011) (0.016) (0.013) (0.017) 
Special education 0.005 −0.011 0.004 −0.007 
 (0.012) (0.021) (0.012) (0.019) 
FRPL eligible 0.001 −0.006 −0.003 −0.016 
 (0.015) (0.017) (0.013) (0.018) 
Male −0.051*** −0.043** −0.061*** −0.053*** 
 (0.014) (0.016) (0.013) (0.015) 
Age in 3rd grade (in months) 0.585*** 0.369 0.596** 0.321 
 (0.215) (0.274) (0.276) (0.307) 
FCAT Math score: 3rd grade 0.020 0.084** 0.016 0.094*** 
 (0.018) (0.040) (0.015) (0.033) 
White −0.025 −0.004 −0.031 −0.011 
 (0.028) (0.034) (0.027) (0.032) 
Black −0.011 −0.023 −0.004 −0.011 
 (0.010) (0.019) (0.010) (0.019) 
Hispanic 0.038 0.028 0.036 0.021 
 (0.029) (0.041) (0.030) (0.040) 
Asian −0.016*** −0.023*** −0.016*** −0.023*** 
 (0.004) (0.005) (0.004) (0.005) 
Foreign born 0.025 0.002 0.023 −0.001 
 (0.021) (0.021) (0.020) (0.021) 
English not native 0.037* 0.029 0.032 0.016 
 (0.021) (0.027) (0.022) (0.025) 
In Sample – Following YearIn Sample – Two Years Later
LinearQuarticLinearQuartic
Score Range/Bandwidth520520
Current year     
Disciplinary incident −0.017 −0.040* −0.019 −0.046* 
 (0.023) (0.022) (0.025) (0.024) 
In-school suspension 0.002 −0.006 0.002 −0.007 
 (0.011) (0.010) (0.012) (0.012) 
Out-of-school suspension −0.013 −0.025 −0.016 −0.029 
 (0.015) (0.018) (0.016) (0.018) 
Prior year     
Disciplinary incident −0.006 −0.008 −0.005 −0.007 
 (0.006) (0.010) (0.006) (0.009) 
In-school suspension −0.016*** −0.020*** −0.014*** −0.017* 
 (0.002) (0.007) (0.003) (0.007) 
Out-of-school suspension −0.005 −0.006 −0.006 −0.007 
 (0.006) (0.007) (0.005) (0.006) 
Limited English proficiency 0.018 0.026 0.010 0.012 
 (0.011) (0.016) (0.013) (0.017) 
Special education 0.005 −0.011 0.004 −0.007 
 (0.012) (0.021) (0.012) (0.019) 
FRPL eligible 0.001 −0.006 −0.003 −0.016 
 (0.015) (0.017) (0.013) (0.018) 
Male −0.051*** −0.043** −0.061*** −0.053*** 
 (0.014) (0.016) (0.013) (0.015) 
Age in 3rd grade (in months) 0.585*** 0.369 0.596** 0.321 
 (0.215) (0.274) (0.276) (0.307) 
FCAT Math score: 3rd grade 0.020 0.084** 0.016 0.094*** 
 (0.018) (0.040) (0.015) (0.033) 
White −0.025 −0.004 −0.031 −0.011 
 (0.028) (0.034) (0.027) (0.032) 
Black −0.011 −0.023 −0.004 −0.011 
 (0.010) (0.019) (0.010) (0.019) 
Hispanic 0.038 0.028 0.036 0.021 
 (0.029) (0.041) (0.030) (0.040) 
Asian −0.016*** −0.023*** −0.016*** −0.023*** 
 (0.004) (0.005) (0.004) (0.005) 
Foreign born 0.025 0.002 0.023 −0.001 
 (0.021) (0.021) (0.020) (0.021) 
English not native 0.037* 0.029 0.032 0.016 
 (0.021) (0.027) (0.022) (0.025) 

Notes: Robust standard errors, clustered relative reading score level, are given in parentheses. Discontinuity estimates are obtained parametrically using the specified polynomial order and the score range. Both specifications include the cohort fixed effects.

*Statistical significance at 10%; **statistical significance at 5%; ***statistical significance at 1%.

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