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Table 1. 
Teacher Characteristics across RIFed and Non-RIFed Teachers in 2009 and 2010
20092010
RIFedNon-RIFedDifferenceNRIFedNon-RIFedDifferenceN
 Panel A: All Teachers 
Experience 13.07 10.21 2.86*** 8,918 5.60 11.03 −5.43*** 8,491 
Seniority 8.04 6.14 1.90*** 8,918 1.87 6.98 −5.11*** 8,491 
Probationary teacher 0.842 0.421 0.421*** 8,918 0.844 0.329 0.515*** 8,491 
Returning retired 0.225 0.000 0.225*** 8,918 0.003 0.001 0.002 8,491 
teacher 
Late hire 0.267 0.011 0.256*** 8,918 0.419 0.009 0.410*** 8,491 
Licensure deficiency 0.162 0.038 0.124*** 8,918 0.169 0.022 0.147*** 8,491 
Evaluation score: −0.507 0.058 −0.565*** 4,729 −1.211 0.055 −1.266*** 8,038 
1-year 
Evaluation score 0.394 −0.016 −0.378*** 7,837 −0.902 0.026 −0.928*** 8,374 
Math value-added −0.004 0.004 −0.008 1,847 −0.062 0.007 −0.069*** 1,869 
score 
Reading value-added −0.005 0.004 −0.009 1,270 −0.014 0.001 −0.015+ 1,897 
score 
 Panel B: Excluding Returning Retired Teachers 
Evaluation score: −0.864 0.058 −0.922*** 4,600 −1.219 0.055 −1.274*** 8,031 
1-year 
Evaluation score −0.697 −0.016 −.681*** 7,703 −0.909 0.025 −0.934*** 8,362 
Math value-added −0.025 0.004 −0.029* 1,821 −0.061 0.007 −0.068*** 1,864 
score 
Reading value-added −0.013 0.004 −0.017* 1,261 −0.014 0.001 −0.015+ 1,894 
score 
 Panel C: Tenured Teachers 
Evaluation score: −1.415 0.317 −1.732*** 877 −1.440 0.152 −1.592*** 5,270 
1-year 
Evaluation score −0.867 0.115 −0.982*** 3,911 −0.875 0.136 −1.011*** 5,463 
Math value-added −0.051 0.008 −0.059* 1,127 −0.120 0.008 −0.128** 1,326 
score 
Reading value-added −0.014 0.008 −0.022 661 −0.046 0.002 −0.048* 1,333 
score 
20092010
RIFedNon-RIFedDifferenceNRIFedNon-RIFedDifferenceN
 Panel A: All Teachers 
Experience 13.07 10.21 2.86*** 8,918 5.60 11.03 −5.43*** 8,491 
Seniority 8.04 6.14 1.90*** 8,918 1.87 6.98 −5.11*** 8,491 
Probationary teacher 0.842 0.421 0.421*** 8,918 0.844 0.329 0.515*** 8,491 
Returning retired 0.225 0.000 0.225*** 8,918 0.003 0.001 0.002 8,491 
teacher 
Late hire 0.267 0.011 0.256*** 8,918 0.419 0.009 0.410*** 8,491 
Licensure deficiency 0.162 0.038 0.124*** 8,918 0.169 0.022 0.147*** 8,491 
Evaluation score: −0.507 0.058 −0.565*** 4,729 −1.211 0.055 −1.266*** 8,038 
1-year 
Evaluation score 0.394 −0.016 −0.378*** 7,837 −0.902 0.026 −0.928*** 8,374 
Math value-added −0.004 0.004 −0.008 1,847 −0.062 0.007 −0.069*** 1,869 
score 
Reading value-added −0.005 0.004 −0.009 1,270 −0.014 0.001 −0.015+ 1,897 
score 
 Panel B: Excluding Returning Retired Teachers 
Evaluation score: −0.864 0.058 −0.922*** 4,600 −1.219 0.055 −1.274*** 8,031 
1-year 
Evaluation score −0.697 −0.016 −.681*** 7,703 −0.909 0.025 −0.934*** 8,362 
Math value-added −0.025 0.004 −0.029* 1,821 −0.061 0.007 −0.068*** 1,864 
score 
Reading value-added −0.013 0.004 −0.017* 1,261 −0.014 0.001 −0.015+ 1,894 
score 
 Panel C: Tenured Teachers 
Evaluation score: −1.415 0.317 −1.732*** 877 −1.440 0.152 −1.592*** 5,270 
1-year 
Evaluation score −0.867 0.115 −0.982*** 3,911 −0.875 0.136 −1.011*** 5,463 
Math value-added −0.051 0.008 −0.059* 1,127 −0.120 0.008 −0.128** 1,326 
score 
Reading value-added −0.014 0.008 −0.022 661 −0.046 0.002 −0.048* 1,333 
score 

Notes:*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; +p < 0.10. p-values are derived from regressions of the given characteristic on an indicator for layoff status. Principal evaluation scores are standardized in a teacher-year-level data set. Value-added scores are expressed in student-test-score standard deviations. These analyses include 619 RIFed teachers in 2009 and 384 RIFed teachers in 2010 for whom data on all descriptive measures other than performance are available.

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