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Table 4. 
The Relationship between Licensure Type and the Probability of Being Laid Off
Full SampleEvaluation Score Sample
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
Licensure Type      
Mathematics 0.035*** 0.016** 0.035*** 0.028*** 0.013* 
 (0.008) (0.006) (0.008) (0.007) (0.005) 
English language arts 0.014** 0.007+ 0.017** 0.022*** 0.011* 
 (0.005) (0.004) (0.006) (0.006) (0.005) 
Science 0.017* 0.005 0.016* 0.010 0.002 
 (0.007) (0.005) (0.008) (0.007) (0.005) 
Social studies 0.013* 0.008+ 0.012+ 0.012+ 0.009+ 
 (0.006) (0.005) (0.007) (0.006) (0.005) 
Foreign language 0.060*** 0.026** 0.061*** 0.059*** 0.026* 
 (0.015) (0.010) (0.015) (0.014) (0.010) 
Arts 0.024** 0.024** 0.028** 0.034*** 0.032*** 
 (0.009) (0.008) (0.010) (0.010) (0.009) 
Physical education 0.017+ 0.016+ 0.021* 0.030** 0.019+ 
 (0.010) (0.009) (0.011) (0.011) (0.010) 
English as a second language −0.002 0.001 −0.002 0.002 0.008 
 (0.009) (0.008) (0.009) (0.010) (0.010) 
Special education −0.005 0.003 −0.002 0.000 0.006 
 (0.005) (0.005) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) 
Seniority (0–3 years)    
Retired teacher    
Late hire    
Licensure deficiency    
Evaluation score    
Observations 17,409 17,409 16,211 16,211 16,211 
Full SampleEvaluation Score Sample
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
Licensure Type      
Mathematics 0.035*** 0.016** 0.035*** 0.028*** 0.013* 
 (0.008) (0.006) (0.008) (0.007) (0.005) 
English language arts 0.014** 0.007+ 0.017** 0.022*** 0.011* 
 (0.005) (0.004) (0.006) (0.006) (0.005) 
Science 0.017* 0.005 0.016* 0.010 0.002 
 (0.007) (0.005) (0.008) (0.007) (0.005) 
Social studies 0.013* 0.008+ 0.012+ 0.012+ 0.009+ 
 (0.006) (0.005) (0.007) (0.006) (0.005) 
Foreign language 0.060*** 0.026** 0.061*** 0.059*** 0.026* 
 (0.015) (0.010) (0.015) (0.014) (0.010) 
Arts 0.024** 0.024** 0.028** 0.034*** 0.032*** 
 (0.009) (0.008) (0.010) (0.010) (0.009) 
Physical education 0.017+ 0.016+ 0.021* 0.030** 0.019+ 
 (0.010) (0.009) (0.011) (0.011) (0.010) 
English as a second language −0.002 0.001 −0.002 0.002 0.008 
 (0.009) (0.008) (0.009) (0.010) (0.010) 
Special education −0.005 0.003 −0.002 0.000 0.006 
 (0.005) (0.005) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) 
Seniority (0–3 years)    
Retired teacher    
Late hire    
Licensure deficiency    
Evaluation score    
Observations 17,409 17,409 16,211 16,211 16,211 

Notes:*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; +p < 0.10. Cells represent average marginal effect estimates derived from logistic regression models. Robust standard errors reported in parentheses. The omitted licensure category in all models is elementary licensures. These analyses include 619 RIFed teachers in 2009 and 384 RIFed teachers in 2010 for whom data on all descriptive measures other than performance are available.

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