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Table 7. 
The Moderating Effect of Teacher Characteristics on the Relationship between Teacher Layoffs in the Previous Year and Student Achievement in Mathematics, Conditioning on Student Fixed Effects
Student Fixed Effects
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)
LAYOFF −0.071* −0.063+ −0.097** −0.019 −0.091** −0.012 −0.034 
 (0.033) (0.033) (0.035) (0.069) (0.034) (0.070) (0.071) 
Seniority  −0.003   −0.002 −0.002 −0.001 
  (0.004)   (0.004) (0.005) (0.005) 
Evaluation   −0.037  −0.036  −0.036 
   (0.023)  (0.024)  (0.024) 
Math Value-Added    −0.113+  −0.107 −0.104 
    (0.064)  (0.067) (0.066) 
Observations 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 
Student Fixed Effects
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)
LAYOFF −0.071* −0.063+ −0.097** −0.019 −0.091** −0.012 −0.034 
 (0.033) (0.033) (0.035) (0.069) (0.034) (0.070) (0.071) 
Seniority  −0.003   −0.002 −0.002 −0.001 
  (0.004)   (0.004) (0.005) (0.005) 
Evaluation   −0.037  −0.036  −0.036 
   (0.023)  (0.024)  (0.024) 
Math Value-Added    −0.113+  −0.107 −0.104 
    (0.064)  (0.067) (0.066) 
Observations 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 

Notes:*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01. Standard errors clustered by teacher are reported in parentheses. See table 6 notes for further details.

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