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Table 8. 
The Relationship between Teacher Layoffs in a Previous Year and Student Achievement in Mathematics across Math and Non-Math Teachers
(1)(2)(3)(4)
LAYOFF Math −0.021 0.000 −0.039 0.017 
 (0.025) (0.031) (0.025) (0.051) 
LAYOFF Non-Math −0.006 −0.004 −0.033 0.034 
 (0.028) (0.029) (0.029) (0.061) 
Seniority Math  −0.003+   
  (0.002)   
Seniority Non-Math  0.000   
  (0.002)   
Evaluation Math   −0.027+  
   (0.016)  
Evaluation Non-Math   −0.021  
   (0.020)  
Math Value-Added    −0.077+ 
    (0.041) 
Reading Value-Added    −0.006 
    (0.021) 
Observations 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 
p-value from Joint F-test – 0.302 0.793 0.198 
(1)(2)(3)(4)
LAYOFF Math −0.021 0.000 −0.039 0.017 
 (0.025) (0.031) (0.025) (0.051) 
LAYOFF Non-Math −0.006 −0.004 −0.033 0.034 
 (0.028) (0.029) (0.029) (0.061) 
Seniority Math  −0.003+   
  (0.002)   
Seniority Non-Math  0.000   
  (0.002)   
Evaluation Math   −0.027+  
   (0.016)  
Evaluation Non-Math   −0.021  
   (0.020)  
Math Value-Added    −0.077+ 
    (0.041) 
Reading Value-Added    −0.006 
    (0.021) 
Observations 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 
p-value from Joint F-test – 0.302 0.793 0.198 

Notes:+p < 0.10. Standard errors clustered by teacher are reported in parentheses. P-values are from joint F-tests of coefficient equality between the math and nonmath seniority, evaluation, and value-added coefficients in each model. See table 6 notes for further details.

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