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Table 9. 
Examining Class Size and Grade-Specific Turnover as Potential Mediators of the Effects of Teacher Layoffs
Outcomes
Class Size (1)Proportion of Teachers Who Taught in Same Grade & School Last Year (2)
LAYOFF −0.005 −0.018 
 (0.412) (0.013) 
Observations 239,661 212,587 
Outcomes
Class Size (1)Proportion of Teachers Who Taught in Same Grade & School Last Year (2)
LAYOFF −0.005 −0.018 
 (0.412) (0.013) 
Observations 239,661 212,587 

Notes: Standard errors clustered by school-grade-year are reported in parentheses given the outcomes are defined at the school-grade-year level. Column 1 reports results from a regression of average class size in a school-grade-year on the number of teachers laid off in a student's grade in the prior year, conditional on the full set of covariates and fixed effects in model 2 in the paper and described in the notes of table 6. Column 2 reports results from a similar model where the outcome is a measure of the proportion of teachers in a school-grade-year who taught in the same grade and school the previous year.

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