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Table C.1. 
The Moderating Effect of Teacher Characteristics on the Relationship between Teacher Layoffs in the Previous Year and Student Achievement in Reading
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)
LAYOFF 0.002 −0.007 −0.002 0.001 −0.016 −0.033 −0.043 
 (0.017) (0.018) (0.018) (0.029) (0.019) (0.033) (0.033) 
Seniority  0.001   0.002 0.003 0.003 
  (0.002)   (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) 
Evaluation   0.009  0.002  0.010 
   (0.013)  (0.014)  (0.014) 
Value-Added    −0.013  −0.026 −0.030+ 
    (0.016)  (0.017) (0.018) 
Observations 221,268 221,268 221,268 221,268 221,268 221,268 221,268 
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)
LAYOFF 0.002 −0.007 −0.002 0.001 −0.016 −0.033 −0.043 
 (0.017) (0.018) (0.018) (0.029) (0.019) (0.033) (0.033) 
Seniority  0.001   0.002 0.003 0.003 
  (0.002)   (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) 
Evaluation   0.009  0.002  0.010 
   (0.013)  (0.014)  (0.014) 
Value-Added    −0.013  −0.026 −0.030+ 
    (0.016)  (0.017) (0.018) 
Observations 221,268 221,268 221,268 221,268 221,268 221,268 221,268 

Notes:+p < 0.10. Standard errors clustered by teacher are reported in parentheses. See table 6 notes for further details.

Table C.2. 
The Relationship between Domain Elements of the Teacher Performance Appraisal Instrument (Revised) and the Probability of Being Laid Off
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)
Management of −0.035***        −0.007* 
instructional (0.003)        (0.004) 
time 
Management of  −0.037***       −0.022*** 
instructional  (0.003)       (0.003) 
behavior 
Instructional   −0.034***      −0.014*** 
presentation   (0.003)      (0.004) 
Instructional    −0.028***     0.003 
monitoring    (0.003)     (0.003) 
Instructional     −0.026***    0.005+ 
feedback     (0.003)    (0.003) 
Facilitating      −0.030***   −0.004 
instruction      (0.003)   (0.003) 
Communicating       −0.026***  −0.003 
within the       (0.002)  (0.003) 
education 
environment 
Performing non-        −0.025*** −0.008** 
instructional        (0.002) (0.003) 
duties 
RIF criteria 
controls 
Observations 16,206 16,207 16,203 16,209 16,203 16,190 16,190 16,182 16,160 
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)
Management of −0.035***        −0.007* 
instructional (0.003)        (0.004) 
time 
Management of  −0.037***       −0.022*** 
instructional  (0.003)       (0.003) 
behavior 
Instructional   −0.034***      −0.014*** 
presentation   (0.003)      (0.004) 
Instructional    −0.028***     0.003 
monitoring    (0.003)     (0.003) 
Instructional     −0.026***    0.005+ 
feedback     (0.003)    (0.003) 
Facilitating      −0.030***   −0.004 
instruction      (0.003)   (0.003) 
Communicating       −0.026***  −0.003 
within the       (0.002)  (0.003) 
education 
environment 
Performing non-        −0.025*** −0.008** 
instructional        (0.002) (0.003) 
duties 
RIF criteria 
controls 
Observations 16,206 16,207 16,203 16,209 16,203 16,190 16,190 16,182 16,160 

Notes:*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; +p < 0.10. Cells represent average marginal effect estimates derived from logistic regression models. Robust standard errors reported in parentheses. All regressions include school-by-year fixed effects and controls for seniority, retired teachers, late hires, licensure deficiency, and licensure type fixed effects. Domain-specific scores are rolling average scores standardized in a teacher-year-level data set.

Table C.3. 
The Moderating Effect of Teacher Characteristics on the Relationship be-tween Teacher Layoffs in the Previous Year and Student Achievement in Mathematics
Evaluation and Value-Added Scores Constructed from Three Years of Data
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
LAYOFF −0.031+ 0.033 −0.027 0.027 0.008 
 (0.018) (0.043) (0.027) (0.057) (0.057) 
Seniority   −0.001 0.001 0.002 
   (0.002) (0.003) (0.003) 
Evaluation: 3-year −0.032+  −0.030  −0.027 
 (0.018)  (0.021)  (0.021) 
Value-Added: 3-year  −0.084+  −0.094* −0.090* 
  (0.043)  (0.044) (0.044) 
Observations 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 
Evaluation and Value-Added Scores Constructed from Three Years of Data
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
LAYOFF −0.031+ 0.033 −0.027 0.027 0.008 
 (0.018) (0.043) (0.027) (0.057) (0.057) 
Seniority   −0.001 0.001 0.002 
   (0.002) (0.003) (0.003) 
Evaluation: 3-year −0.032+  −0.030  −0.027 
 (0.018)  (0.021)  (0.021) 
Value-Added: 3-year  −0.084+  −0.094* −0.090* 
  (0.043)  (0.044) (0.044) 
Observations 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 241,572 

Notes:*p < 0.05; +p < 0.10. Standard errors clustered by teacher are reported in parentheses. See table 6 notes for further details.

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