Table 2.

. | . | Coefficient (standard error): . | . | Coefficient (standard error): . | . | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Dependent variable
. | Expected Age At Start of K (1)
. | Expected Age at Start of K – Average Age of K Classmates (2)
. | p on Joint Significance (3)
. | Expected Age at Start of K (4)
. | Expected Age at Start of K – Expected Average Age of K Classmates (5)
. | p on Joint Significance (6)
. | |

Demographic/Socioeconomic Variables | |||||||

Female | 0.069 | −0.055 | 0.653 | 0.001 | 0.013 | 0.826 | |

(0.084) | (0.081) | (0.096) | (0.095) | ||||

Black | 0.000 | 0.006 | 0.809 | 0.026 | −0.019 | 0.732 | |

(0.038) | (0.036) | (0.042) | (0.041) | ||||

Free/reduced-price lunch (in K) | −0.101 | 0.048 | 0.018 | −0.131 | 0.077 | 0.018 | |

(0.074) | (0.072) | (0.096) | (0.092) | ||||

Other Characteristics of Kindergarten Classmates | |||||||

Fraction female | −0.078 | 0.076 | 0.602 | −0.026 | 0.024 | 0.878 | |

(0.082) | (0.079) | (0.096) | (0.091) | ||||

Fraction black | −0.011 | 0.012 | 0.666 | 0.021 | −0.020 | 0.885 | |

(0.035) | (0.033) | (0.042) | (0.040) | ||||

Fraction free/reduced-price lunch (in K) | 0.032 | −0.034 | 0.428 | −0.131 | 0.127 | 0.028 | |

(0.072) | (0.069) | (0.095) | (0.091) | ||||

Kindergarten Teacher Characteristics | |||||||

Black | −0.217 | 0.201 | 0.279 | −0.334 | 0.315 | 0.096 | |

(0.169) | (0.162) | (0.232) | (0.220) | ||||

Has MA | −0.514^{*} | 0.498^{*} | 0.180 | −0.319 | 0.303 | 0.616 | |

(0.289) | (0.277) | (0.371) | (0.352) | ||||

Has <2 years of experience | −0.045 | 0.042 | 0.974 | −0.050 | 0.047 | 0.781 | |

(0.220) | (0.210) | (0.288) | (0.274) | ||||

Kindergarten Class Characteristics | |||||||

Small | 0.433 | −0.404 | 0.379 | 0.594 | −0.562 | 0.226 | |

(0.360) | (0.345) | (0.464) | (0.440) | ||||

Regular with aide | 0.137 | −0.128 | 0.920 | 0.136 | −0.127 | 0.296 | |

(0.387) | (0.371) | (0.459) | (0.435) |

. | . | Coefficient (standard error): . | . | Coefficient (standard error): . | . | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Dependent variable
. | Expected Age At Start of K (1)
. | Expected Age at Start of K – Average Age of K Classmates (2)
. | p on Joint Significance (3)
. | Expected Age at Start of K (4)
. | Expected Age at Start of K – Expected Average Age of K Classmates (5)
. | p on Joint Significance (6)
. | |

Demographic/Socioeconomic Variables | |||||||

Female | 0.069 | −0.055 | 0.653 | 0.001 | 0.013 | 0.826 | |

(0.084) | (0.081) | (0.096) | (0.095) | ||||

Black | 0.000 | 0.006 | 0.809 | 0.026 | −0.019 | 0.732 | |

(0.038) | (0.036) | (0.042) | (0.041) | ||||

Free/reduced-price lunch (in K) | −0.101 | 0.048 | 0.018 | −0.131 | 0.077 | 0.018 | |

(0.074) | (0.072) | (0.096) | (0.092) | ||||

Other Characteristics of Kindergarten Classmates | |||||||

Fraction female | −0.078 | 0.076 | 0.602 | −0.026 | 0.024 | 0.878 | |

(0.082) | (0.079) | (0.096) | (0.091) | ||||

Fraction black | −0.011 | 0.012 | 0.666 | 0.021 | −0.020 | 0.885 | |

(0.035) | (0.033) | (0.042) | (0.040) | ||||

Fraction free/reduced-price lunch (in K) | 0.032 | −0.034 | 0.428 | −0.131 | 0.127 | 0.028 | |

(0.072) | (0.069) | (0.095) | (0.091) | ||||

Kindergarten Teacher Characteristics | |||||||

Black | −0.217 | 0.201 | 0.279 | −0.334 | 0.315 | 0.096 | |

(0.169) | (0.162) | (0.232) | (0.220) | ||||

Has MA | −0.514^{*} | 0.498^{*} | 0.180 | −0.319 | 0.303 | 0.616 | |

(0.289) | (0.277) | (0.371) | (0.352) | ||||

Has <2 years of experience | −0.045 | 0.042 | 0.974 | −0.050 | 0.047 | 0.781 | |

(0.220) | (0.210) | (0.288) | (0.274) | ||||

Kindergarten Class Characteristics | |||||||

Small | 0.433 | −0.404 | 0.379 | 0.594 | −0.562 | 0.226 | |

(0.360) | (0.345) | (0.464) | (0.440) | ||||

Regular with aide | 0.137 | −0.128 | 0.920 | 0.136 | −0.127 | 0.296 | |

(0.387) | (0.371) | (0.459) | (0.435) |

*Notes:* Each row in each of columns (1) to (3) and (4) to (6) represents a different regression. All regressions are based on 6248 observations and include school fixed effects. Standard errors are clustered on kindergarten classroom.

^{*}Statistical significance at the 10% level.

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