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Table 10. 
Relationship Between Charter Penetration and the Number of Annual House Sales in Census Block
Quantity of House Sales within Census Block
Counting Most Recent House SaleCounting Three Most Recent House Sales
Charter Seats
Number of ChartersCharter Seats as Percentage of EnrollmentNumber of ChartersCharter Seats as Percentage of Enrollment
0–0.5 miles 0.0828 0.354 0.0901 0.346 
 (0.168) (0.414) (0.174) (0.417) 
0.5–1 mile 0.119 0.346 0.130 0.391 
 (0.110) (0.533) (0.110) (0.537) 
1–1.5 miles 0.139* 0.581 0.171** 0.801 
 (0.0776) (0.647) (0.0794) (0.721) 
1.5–2 miles 0.0972* −0.0104 0.121** 0.120 
 (0.0547) (0.607) (0.0554) (0.659) 
Observations 87,683 87,683 87,683 87,683 
Census-tract fixed effects 
Census-block fixed effects 
Quantity of House Sales within Census Block
Counting Most Recent House SaleCounting Three Most Recent House Sales
Charter Seats
Number of ChartersCharter Seats as Percentage of EnrollmentNumber of ChartersCharter Seats as Percentage of Enrollment
0–0.5 miles 0.0828 0.354 0.0901 0.346 
 (0.168) (0.414) (0.174) (0.417) 
0.5–1 mile 0.119 0.346 0.130 0.391 
 (0.110) (0.533) (0.110) (0.537) 
1–1.5 miles 0.139* 0.581 0.171** 0.801 
 (0.0776) (0.647) (0.0794) (0.721) 
1.5–2 miles 0.0972* −0.0104 0.121** 0.120 
 (0.0547) (0.607) (0.0554) (0.659) 
Observations 87,683 87,683 87,683 87,683 
Census-tract fixed effects 
Census-block fixed effects 

Notes: Sample includes property sales from September 2008 through September 2011. The independent variable denotes either the number of charters in operation or the share of enrollment in operating charters as of the sale date in various distance rings from the property. Robust standard errors clustered by elementary school zone in 2002 in parentheses.

*Significant at the 10% level; **significant at the 5% level.

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