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Table 1.
Summary Statistics
No CTE (1)Comprehensive CTE (2)RVTS (3)
Panel A: Controls 
Male 0.496 0.585 0.579 
Asian 0.053 0.045 0.031 
Black 0.051 0.088 0.057 
Latino/a 0.084 0.138 0.163 
White 0.843 0.767 0.824 
Lower income 0.197 0.375 0.372 
Identified disability 0.147 0.22 0.269 
English learner 0.043 0.074 0.068 
Grade 8 in-school suspensions 0.008 0.022 0.005 
Grade 8 out-of-school suspensions 0.012 0.016 0.006 
MCAS math 8th grade 0.198 −0.267 −0.357 
MCAS math 10th grade 0.194 −0.264 −0.358 
4-year graduation rate 0.815 0.739 0.847 
5-year graduation rate 0.828 0.764 0.865 
Panel B: CTE Exposure and Credentials 
Years in CTE 0.199 2.614 3.204 
Years in RVTS 0.014 0.051 3.726 
Chapter 74 certificate 0.002 0.025 0.047 
Private certificate 0.004 0.042 0.269 
Non—Chapter 74 certificate 0.001 0.003 
IT credential 0.001 0.021 0.046 
Health credential 0.002 0.034 0.087 
Engineering credential 0.003 0.066 0.153 
N 342,173 31,727 43,235 
No CTE (1)Comprehensive CTE (2)RVTS (3)
Panel A: Controls 
Male 0.496 0.585 0.579 
Asian 0.053 0.045 0.031 
Black 0.051 0.088 0.057 
Latino/a 0.084 0.138 0.163 
White 0.843 0.767 0.824 
Lower income 0.197 0.375 0.372 
Identified disability 0.147 0.22 0.269 
English learner 0.043 0.074 0.068 
Grade 8 in-school suspensions 0.008 0.022 0.005 
Grade 8 out-of-school suspensions 0.012 0.016 0.006 
MCAS math 8th grade 0.198 −0.267 −0.357 
MCAS math 10th grade 0.194 −0.264 −0.358 
4-year graduation rate 0.815 0.739 0.847 
5-year graduation rate 0.828 0.764 0.865 
Panel B: CTE Exposure and Credentials 
Years in CTE 0.199 2.614 3.204 
Years in RVTS 0.014 0.051 3.726 
Chapter 74 certificate 0.002 0.025 0.047 
Private certificate 0.004 0.042 0.269 
Non—Chapter 74 certificate 0.001 0.003 
IT credential 0.001 0.021 0.046 
Health credential 0.002 0.034 0.087 
Engineering credential 0.003 0.066 0.153 
N 342,173 31,727 43,235 

Notes: Mean values of key variables are shown for all students in the 2008—14 cohorts. Inclusion in a column is defined by a student's initial status in grade 9. CTE: career and technical education; IT: information technology; MCAS: Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System; RVTS: regional vocational and technical high school.

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