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Table 2.
OLS Estimates of the Effect of Attending a Regional Vocational and Technical School
Graduated (1)Enrolled Grade 11 (2)Earned Certificate (3)Math Score (4)ELA score (5)Pass Both (6)
Panel A: Overall Sample 
Higher income 0.114*** 0.086*** 0.312*** −0.002 −0.051* 0.114*** 
 (0.008) (0.006) (0.050) (0.013) (0.027) (0.008) 
Lower income 0.21*** 0.17*** 0.30*** 0.09*** 0.08*** 0.19*** 
 (0.016) (0.011) (0.051) (0.020) (0.035) (0.013) 
N 417,215 417,215 417,215 375,961 378,358 417,215 
Panel B: Regression Discontinuity Sample 
Higher income 0.145*** 0.059*** 0.174*** 0.140*** 0.102*** 0.013 
 (0.014) (0.010) (0.010) (0.025) (0.030) (0.015) 
Lower income 0.23*** 0.17*** 0.21*** 0.20*** 0.28*** 0.07*** 
 (0.020) (0.015) (0.013) (0.029) (0.040) (0.017) 
N 4,885 4,885 4,885 4,422 4,475 4,885 
Graduated (1)Enrolled Grade 11 (2)Earned Certificate (3)Math Score (4)ELA score (5)Pass Both (6)
Panel A: Overall Sample 
Higher income 0.114*** 0.086*** 0.312*** −0.002 −0.051* 0.114*** 
 (0.008) (0.006) (0.050) (0.013) (0.027) (0.008) 
Lower income 0.21*** 0.17*** 0.30*** 0.09*** 0.08*** 0.19*** 
 (0.016) (0.011) (0.051) (0.020) (0.035) (0.013) 
N 417,215 417,215 417,215 375,961 378,358 417,215 
Panel B: Regression Discontinuity Sample 
Higher income 0.145*** 0.059*** 0.174*** 0.140*** 0.102*** 0.013 
 (0.014) (0.010) (0.010) (0.025) (0.030) (0.015) 
Lower income 0.23*** 0.17*** 0.21*** 0.20*** 0.28*** 0.07*** 
 (0.020) (0.015) (0.013) (0.029) (0.040) (0.017) 
N 4,885 4,885 4,885 4,422 4,475 4,885 

Notes: Heteroskedasticity robust standard errors clustered by school are in parentheses. Estimates are of the effects of attending an RVTS in grade 9 relative to participating in any program (CTE or not) in a comprehensive high school. The coefficients shown are generated using ordinary least squares. All specifications include fixed effects for graduation cohort and grade 8 town-of-residence. All estimates control for observable student characteristics including race, gender, income, disability, and English language-learner status (as well as observable proxies for characteristics used to admit students to RVTSs); middle school test scores, suspensions, and attendance rate. CTE: career and technical education; RVTS: regional vocational and technical high school; ELA: English language arts.

*p < 0.10; ***p < 0.01.

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