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Table 6.
Instrumental Variables Estimates of the Effect of Attending an RVTS on Student Outcomes
Graduated (1)Enrolled Grade 11 (2)Earned Certificate (3)Math Score (4)ELA Score (5)Pass Both (6)
IK BW high income 0.349*** 0.047* 0.136*** 0.253 0.225 −0.035 
 (0.047) (0.026) (0.028) (0.157) (0.253) (0.139) 
IK lower income 0.21*** 0.05* 0.11*** 0.04 −0.02 −0.05 
 (0.049) (0.028) (0.033) (0.170) (0.227) (0.153) 
N 1,756 3,833 2,606 2,473 2,501 1,756 
BW = 6 high income 0.528*** 0.079 0.204*** 0.577*** 0.801** −0.115 
 (0.077) (0.061) (0.019) (0.169) (0.387) (0.189) 
BW = 6 lower income 0.38*** 0.06 0.18*** 0.31* 0.42 −0.11 
 (0.095) (0.084) (0.033) (0.163) (0.308) (0.207) 
N 1,023 1,023 1,023 903 913 1,023 
BW = 15 high income 0.202*** 0.082*** 0.135*** 0.263 0.235 −0.054 
 (0.063) (0.028) (0.028) (0.161) (0.257) (0.105) 
BW = 15 lower income 0.08 0.08*** 0.11*** 0.05 −0.01 −0.07 
 (0.063) (0.033) (0.033) (0.173) (0.231) (0.114) 
N 2,606 2,606 2,606 2,336 2,364 2,606 
IK BW high, controls 0.233*** 0.019 0.114*** −0.052 −0.029 −0.087 
 (0.057) (0.037) (0.032) (0.100) (0.173) (0.131) 
IK BW lower, controls 0.32*** 0.09*** 0.13*** −0.05 −0.09 −0.04 
 (0.059) (0.034) (0.034) (0.179) (0.113) (0.164) 
N 1,756 3,833 2,606 2,473 2,501 1,756 
Graduated (1)Enrolled Grade 11 (2)Earned Certificate (3)Math Score (4)ELA Score (5)Pass Both (6)
IK BW high income 0.349*** 0.047* 0.136*** 0.253 0.225 −0.035 
 (0.047) (0.026) (0.028) (0.157) (0.253) (0.139) 
IK lower income 0.21*** 0.05* 0.11*** 0.04 −0.02 −0.05 
 (0.049) (0.028) (0.033) (0.170) (0.227) (0.153) 
N 1,756 3,833 2,606 2,473 2,501 1,756 
BW = 6 high income 0.528*** 0.079 0.204*** 0.577*** 0.801** −0.115 
 (0.077) (0.061) (0.019) (0.169) (0.387) (0.189) 
BW = 6 lower income 0.38*** 0.06 0.18*** 0.31* 0.42 −0.11 
 (0.095) (0.084) (0.033) (0.163) (0.308) (0.207) 
N 1,023 1,023 1,023 903 913 1,023 
BW = 15 high income 0.202*** 0.082*** 0.135*** 0.263 0.235 −0.054 
 (0.063) (0.028) (0.028) (0.161) (0.257) (0.105) 
BW = 15 lower income 0.08 0.08*** 0.11*** 0.05 −0.01 −0.07 
 (0.063) (0.033) (0.033) (0.173) (0.231) (0.114) 
N 2,606 2,606 2,606 2,336 2,364 2,606 
IK BW high, controls 0.233*** 0.019 0.114*** −0.052 −0.029 −0.087 
 (0.057) (0.037) (0.032) (0.100) (0.173) (0.131) 
IK BW lower, controls 0.32*** 0.09*** 0.13*** −0.05 −0.09 −0.04 
 (0.059) (0.034) (0.034) (0.179) (0.113) (0.164) 
N 1,756 3,833 2,606 2,473 2,501 1,756 

Notes: Heteroskedasticity robust standard errors clustered by application score are in parentheses. IV estimates show the impact of attending an oversubscribed RVTS on each of the outcomes stated in the column heading, where attending an RVTS is instrumented by an offer of admission. The coefficients shown are generated by local linear regression using a triangular kernel of the listed bandwidth, including cohort-by-school fixed effects. The sample consists of those members of the 2007 through 2009 cohorts who are present in the data in eighth grade. BW: bandwidth; ELA: English language arts; IK: Imbens and Kalyanaraman 2012.

*p < 0.10; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01.

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