Table 7.

. | Unexcused Absences . | Suspension Absences . | GPA . | % Classes Failed . | Repeater . |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Elementary | |||||

TFA coefficient | −0.044^{a} | −0.054^{*} | 0.050^{**} | 0.001 | 0.001 |

(0.139) | (0.032) | (0.023) | (0.003) | (0.005) | |

Observations | 4661344 | 4661344 | 4622273 | 4661344 | 4661344 |

R^{2} | 0.438 | 0.127 | 0.645 | 0.242 | 0.115 |

Dependent variable mean, full sample | 4.0 | 0.07 | 3.19 | 0.028 | 0.026 |

Dependent variable mean, students in TFA classrooms | 7.2 | 0.17 | 2.96 | 0.041 | 0.038 |

Middle | |||||

TFA coefficient | −0.347^{**} | −0.075 | −0.009 | 0.001 | |

(0.154) | (0.058) | (0.011) | (0.002) | ||

Observations | 3174990 | 3174990 | 3159288 | 3174990 | |

R^{2} | 0.488 | 0.301 | 0.659 | 0.266 | |

Dependent variable mean, full sample | 4.8 | 0.79 | 2.64 | 0.038 | 0.012 |

Dependent variable mean, students in TFA classrooms | 8.4 | 2.01 | 2.29 | 0.067 | 0.022 |

. | Unexcused Absences . | Suspension Absences . | GPA . | % Classes Failed . | Repeater . |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Elementary | |||||

TFA coefficient | −0.044^{a} | −0.054^{*} | 0.050^{**} | 0.001 | 0.001 |

(0.139) | (0.032) | (0.023) | (0.003) | (0.005) | |

Observations | 4661344 | 4661344 | 4622273 | 4661344 | 4661344 |

R^{2} | 0.438 | 0.127 | 0.645 | 0.242 | 0.115 |

Dependent variable mean, full sample | 4.0 | 0.07 | 3.19 | 0.028 | 0.026 |

Dependent variable mean, students in TFA classrooms | 7.2 | 0.17 | 2.96 | 0.041 | 0.038 |

Middle | |||||

TFA coefficient | −0.347^{**} | −0.075 | −0.009 | 0.001 | |

(0.154) | (0.058) | (0.011) | (0.002) | ||

Observations | 3174990 | 3174990 | 3159288 | 3174990 | |

R^{2} | 0.488 | 0.301 | 0.659 | 0.266 | |

Dependent variable mean, full sample | 4.8 | 0.79 | 2.64 | 0.038 | 0.012 |

Dependent variable mean, students in TFA classrooms | 8.4 | 2.01 | 2.29 | 0.067 | 0.022 |

*Notes:* Coefficients represent the average change in outcome associated with being in a classroom taught by TFA teacher. Regression controls for student-level and class average demographics and their interactions with grade. Other controls include class size and teacher race and their interactions with grade. All models include school fixed effects and cluster standard errors at the school level, with standard errors shown in parentheses. GPA: grade point average; TFA: Teach For America.

^{a}Unexcused absences in elementary school fails the forecast bias test (see table 5). We display the coefficient here for completeness but urge caution in interpreting this result.

^{*}Significant at the 10% level; ^{**}significant at the 5% level.

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