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Table 7.
Relationship Between TFA and Non-Test Academic Outcomes
Unexcused AbsencesSuspension AbsencesGPA% Classes FailedRepeater
Elementary      
TFA coefficient −0.044a −0.054* 0.050** 0.001 0.001 
 (0.139) (0.032) (0.023) (0.003) (0.005) 
Observations 4661344 4661344 4622273 4661344 4661344 
R2 0.438 0.127 0.645 0.242 0.115 
Dependent variable mean, full sample 4.0 0.07 3.19 0.028 0.026 
Dependent variable mean, students in TFA classrooms 7.2 0.17 2.96 0.041 0.038 
Middle      
TFA coefficient −0.347** −0.075 −0.009 0.001  
 (0.154) (0.058) (0.011) (0.002)  
Observations 3174990 3174990 3159288 3174990  
R2 0.488 0.301 0.659 0.266  
Dependent variable mean, full sample 4.8 0.79 2.64 0.038 0.012 
Dependent variable mean, students in TFA classrooms 8.4 2.01 2.29 0.067 0.022 
Unexcused AbsencesSuspension AbsencesGPA% Classes FailedRepeater
Elementary      
TFA coefficient −0.044a −0.054* 0.050** 0.001 0.001 
 (0.139) (0.032) (0.023) (0.003) (0.005) 
Observations 4661344 4661344 4622273 4661344 4661344 
R2 0.438 0.127 0.645 0.242 0.115 
Dependent variable mean, full sample 4.0 0.07 3.19 0.028 0.026 
Dependent variable mean, students in TFA classrooms 7.2 0.17 2.96 0.041 0.038 
Middle      
TFA coefficient −0.347** −0.075 −0.009 0.001  
 (0.154) (0.058) (0.011) (0.002)  
Observations 3174990 3174990 3159288 3174990  
R2 0.488 0.301 0.659 0.266  
Dependent variable mean, full sample 4.8 0.79 2.64 0.038 0.012 
Dependent variable mean, students in TFA classrooms 8.4 2.01 2.29 0.067 0.022 

Notes: Coefficients represent the average change in outcome associated with being in a classroom taught by TFA teacher. Regression controls for student-level and class average demographics and their interactions with grade. Other controls include class size and teacher race and their interactions with grade. All models include school fixed effects and cluster standard errors at the school level, with standard errors shown in parentheses. GPA: grade point average; TFA: Teach For America.

aUnexcused absences in elementary school fails the forecast bias test (see table 5). We display the coefficient here for completeness but urge caution in interpreting this result.

*Significant at the 10% level; **significant at the 5% level.

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