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Table 8.
TFA at Grade-School-Year Level and Non-Test Academic Outcomes
Unexcused AbsencesSuspension AbsencesGPA% Classes FailedRepeater
Elementary −0.571a −0.179 0.301*** −0.030** −0.018 
 (0.654) (0.109) (0.087) (0.012) (0.016) 
Middle −4.300** −0.189 −0.063 −0.005  
 (2.080) (0.623) (0.126) (0.031)  
Unexcused AbsencesSuspension AbsencesGPA% Classes FailedRepeater
Elementary −0.571a −0.179 0.301*** −0.030** −0.018 
 (0.654) (0.109) (0.087) (0.012) (0.016) 
Middle −4.300** −0.189 −0.063 −0.005  
 (2.080) (0.623) (0.126) (0.031)  

Notes: Coefficients displayed are for the share of TFA teachers at the grade-school-year level. Regression controls for student-level and class average demographics and their interactions with grade. Other controls include class size and teacher race and their interactions with grade. Standard errors clustered at the school level shown in parentheses. GPA: grade point average; TFA: Teach For America.

aUnexcused absences in elementary school fails the forecast bias test (see table 5). We display the coefficient here for completeness but urge caution in interpreting this result.

**Significant at the 5% level; ***significant at the 1% level.

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