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Table 8.
Voluntary Pre-Kindergarten Program (VPK) Participation and Availability within 10 Miles by Student Subgroups, 2005—06 to 2008—09
VPK Participation %VPK Availability slots/student
Overall 46.9 0.845 (0.200) 
By race/ethnicity   
White 49.1 0.836 (0.226) 
Black 44.1 0.859 (0.175) 
Hispanic 45.7 0.846 (0.178) 
By eligibility for Federal Meals Program   
Ineligible 50.9 0.835 (0.204) 
Reduced-price lunch 52.9 0.838 (0.200) 
Free lunch 42.1 0.855 (0.197) 
By community type   
Rural 46.1 0.799 (0.271) 
Suburb 48.1 0.847 (0.175) 
City 45.0 0.881 (0.171) 
VPK Participation %VPK Availability slots/student
Overall 46.9 0.845 (0.200) 
By race/ethnicity   
White 49.1 0.836 (0.226) 
Black 44.1 0.859 (0.175) 
Hispanic 45.7 0.846 (0.178) 
By eligibility for Federal Meals Program   
Ineligible 50.9 0.835 (0.204) 
Reduced-price lunch 52.9 0.838 (0.200) 
Free lunch 42.1 0.855 (0.197) 
By community type   
Rural 46.1 0.799 (0.271) 
Suburb 48.1 0.847 (0.175) 
City 45.0 0.881 (0.171) 

Note: The standard deviation of local availability appears in parentheses.

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