Skip to Main Content
Table 4.
Coefficients and Standard Errors from Regressions Predicting Spring and Fall of Kindergarten Standardized Math and Reading Achievement from Preschool Participation
Panel A: Spring of Kindergarten Mathematics and Reading Achievement
Spring of Kindergarten Math Achievement (std.)Spring of Kindergarten Reading Achievement (std.)
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)(10)
Preschool (center-based 0.376** 0.178** 0.00624 0.0274 0.0379 0.342** 0.180** 0.0162 0.0327 0.0279 
or state-sponsored) (0.0315) (0.0263) (0.0213) (0.0260) (0.0330) (0.0295) (0.0265) (0.0208) (0.0245) (0.0299) 
Income controls   
Child, family, and contextual controls     
School fixed effects         
Classroom fixed effects         
Observations 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 
Panel B: Fall of Kindergarten Mathematics and Reading Achievement 
 Fall of Kindergarten Math Achievement (std.) Fall of Kindergarten Reading Achievement (std.) 
 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) 
Preschool (center-based 0.514** 0.309** 0.123** 0.0981** 0.0814* 0.483** 0.305** 0.129** 0.122** 0.117** 
or state-sponsored) (0.0417) (0.0347) (0.0253) (0.0245) (0.0317) (0.0356) (0.0314) (0.0237) (0.0246) (0.0319) 
Income controls   
Child, family, and contextual controls     
School fixed effects         
Classroom fixed effects         
Observations 10,320 10,320 10,320 10,320 10,320 10,340 10,340 10,340 10,340 10,340 
Panel A: Spring of Kindergarten Mathematics and Reading Achievement
Spring of Kindergarten Math Achievement (std.)Spring of Kindergarten Reading Achievement (std.)
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)(10)
Preschool (center-based 0.376** 0.178** 0.00624 0.0274 0.0379 0.342** 0.180** 0.0162 0.0327 0.0279 
or state-sponsored) (0.0315) (0.0263) (0.0213) (0.0260) (0.0330) (0.0295) (0.0265) (0.0208) (0.0245) (0.0299) 
Income controls   
Child, family, and contextual controls     
School fixed effects         
Classroom fixed effects         
Observations 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 10,500 
Panel B: Fall of Kindergarten Mathematics and Reading Achievement 
 Fall of Kindergarten Math Achievement (std.) Fall of Kindergarten Reading Achievement (std.) 
 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) 
Preschool (center-based 0.514** 0.309** 0.123** 0.0981** 0.0814* 0.483** 0.305** 0.129** 0.122** 0.117** 
or state-sponsored) (0.0417) (0.0347) (0.0253) (0.0245) (0.0317) (0.0356) (0.0314) (0.0237) (0.0246) (0.0319) 
Income controls   
Child, family, and contextual controls     
School fixed effects         
Classroom fixed effects         
Observations 10,320 10,320 10,320 10,320 10,320 10,340 10,340 10,340 10,340 10,340 

Notes: Robust standard errors in parentheses. All estimates account for the complex survey design of Early Childhood Longitudinal Study through the use of survey setting and weighting. The omitted category in all models is students who were not in a formal preschool setting—namely, those who were cared for by relatives, nonrelatives, or parents, and were not in a center-based, state-sponsored, or Head Start program. std = standardized.

**p < 0.01; *p < 0.05.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal