Skip to Main Content
Table A.3.
Coefficients and Standard Errors from Regressions Predicting Spring of Kindergarten Standardized Science Achievement and Fall of Kindergarten Teacher Ratings of Science Ability from Preschool Participation Interacted with Student Gender
Spring of Kindergarten Science Achievement (standardized) (1)Sense (2)Explain (3)Classify (4)Predict (5)Communicate (6)Physical Science (7)Life Science (8)Earth/Space Science (9)Composite (10)
Preschool (center-based or 0.00169 0.119** 0.116* 0.115* 0.116* 0.130* 0.0936+ 0.138** 0.149* 0.204** 
state-sponsored) (0.0363) (0.0442) (0.0559) (0.0537) (0.0525) (0.0559) (0.0505) (0.0474) (0.0633) (0.0653) 
Preschool*Female 0.00217 −0.0736 −0.0750 −0.0454 −0.103+ −0.0822 −0.0588 −0.104+ −0.125+ −0.141+ 
 (0.0457) (0.0525) (0.0605) (0.0639) (0.0608) (0.0654) (0.0592) (0.0568) (0.0744) (0.0747) 
Female −0.100** 0.113** 0.101* 0.0834 0.110* 0.132** 0.136** 0.145** 0.102+ 0.140* 
 (0.0380) (0.0425) (0.0503) (0.0515) (0.0494) (0.0485) (0.0471) (0.0460) (0.0592) (0.0604) 
Income controls 
Child, family, and contextual controls 
Classroom fixed effects 
Observations 10,500 7,500 6,490 6,050 6,320 5,960 6,510 6,770 4,270 3,390 
Spring of Kindergarten Science Achievement (standardized) (1)Sense (2)Explain (3)Classify (4)Predict (5)Communicate (6)Physical Science (7)Life Science (8)Earth/Space Science (9)Composite (10)
Preschool (center-based or 0.00169 0.119** 0.116* 0.115* 0.116* 0.130* 0.0936+ 0.138** 0.149* 0.204** 
state-sponsored) (0.0363) (0.0442) (0.0559) (0.0537) (0.0525) (0.0559) (0.0505) (0.0474) (0.0633) (0.0653) 
Preschool*Female 0.00217 −0.0736 −0.0750 −0.0454 −0.103+ −0.0822 −0.0588 −0.104+ −0.125+ −0.141+ 
 (0.0457) (0.0525) (0.0605) (0.0639) (0.0608) (0.0654) (0.0592) (0.0568) (0.0744) (0.0747) 
Female −0.100** 0.113** 0.101* 0.0834 0.110* 0.132** 0.136** 0.145** 0.102+ 0.140* 
 (0.0380) (0.0425) (0.0503) (0.0515) (0.0494) (0.0485) (0.0471) (0.0460) (0.0592) (0.0604) 
Income controls 
Child, family, and contextual controls 
Classroom fixed effects 
Observations 10,500 7,500 6,490 6,050 6,320 5,960 6,510 6,770 4,270 3,390 

Notes: Robust standard errors in parentheses. All estimates account for the complex survey design of Early Childhood Longitudinal Study through the use of survey setting and weighting. Sample sizes vary across this table as teachers had the option of not answering the question and instead noting they had not had the opportunity to observe the skill. Models include a binary indicator gender. All interaction terms are interpretable compared to the coefficient on center-based preschool for male students. The omitted category for the preschool variable is students who were not in a formal preschool setting–—namely, those who were cared for by relatives, nonrelatives, or parents, and were not in a center-based, state-sponsored, or Head Start program.

**p < 0.01; *p < 0.05; +p < 0.1.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal