Table A.5.
Coefficients and Standard Errors from Regressions Predicting Spring of Kindergarten Standardized Science Achievement and Fall of Kindergarten Teacher Ratings of Science Ability from Indicators of Preschool Location
Spring of Kindergarten Science Achievement (standardized) (1)Sense (2)Explain (3)Classify (4)Predict (5)Communicate (6)Physical Science (7)Life Science (8)Earth/Space Science (9)Composite (10)
Preschool in K—12 school −0.0331 0.0602 0.0291 0.0593 0.0530 0.0800 0.0448 0.0455 0.0403 0.0712
(0.0377) (0.0451) (0.0574) (0.0501) (0.0510) (0.0536) (0.0501) (0.0461) (0.0619) (0.0602)
Preschool not in K—12 school 0.0222 0.0948* 0.108* 0.111* 0.0714 0.0953+ 0.0763+ 0.112** 0.118* 0.173**
(0.0312) (0.0379) (0.0461) (0.0446) (0.0440) (0.0499) (0.0437) (0.0399) (0.0557) (0.0571)
Income controls
Child, family, and contextual controls
Classroom fixed effects
Observations 10,490 7,500 6,490 6,050 6,320 5,960 6,510 6,770 4,270 3,390
Spring of Kindergarten Science Achievement (standardized) (1)Sense (2)Explain (3)Classify (4)Predict (5)Communicate (6)Physical Science (7)Life Science (8)Earth/Space Science (9)Composite (10)
Preschool in K—12 school −0.0331 0.0602 0.0291 0.0593 0.0530 0.0800 0.0448 0.0455 0.0403 0.0712
(0.0377) (0.0451) (0.0574) (0.0501) (0.0510) (0.0536) (0.0501) (0.0461) (0.0619) (0.0602)
Preschool not in K—12 school 0.0222 0.0948* 0.108* 0.111* 0.0714 0.0953+ 0.0763+ 0.112** 0.118* 0.173**
(0.0312) (0.0379) (0.0461) (0.0446) (0.0440) (0.0499) (0.0437) (0.0399) (0.0557) (0.0571)
Income controls
Child, family, and contextual controls
Classroom fixed effects
Observations 10,490 7,500 6,490 6,050 6,320 5,960 6,510 6,770 4,270 3,390

Notes: Robust standard errors in parentheses. All estimates account for the complex survey design of Early Childhood Longitudinal Study through the use of survey setting and weighting. Sample sizes vary across this table as teachers had the option of not answering the question and instead noting they had not had the opportunity to observe the skill. Sample sizes vary slightly from primary models due to missing data on location variables. Models include binary indicator of Head Start, so the omitted category is students who were not in a formal preschool setting–—namely, those who were cared for by relatives, nonrelatives, or parents, and were not in a center-based, state-sponsored, or Head Start program.

**p < 0.01; *p < 0.05; +p < 0.1.

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