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The survey was posted in two waves on MTurk, 5 January and 12 January 2017. We collected complete responses from 999 MTurk participants, at a rate of $0.75 per response.11 Table 2 shows descriptive statistics for survey participants, comparable U.S. Census data for 2010, and the Kuziemko et al. (2015) MTurk sample (N = 3,741).

Table 2.
Descriptive Statistics: (1) Analytic MTurk Sample, (2) 2010 U.S. Census, and (3) Kuziemko et al. (2015)
MTurk Sample2010 U.S. CensusKuziemko et al. (2015)
VariableFrequencyPercentagePercentagePercentage
Sex     
Female 420 42.17 50.8 57.2 
Male 576 57.83 49.2 42.8 
Race/Ethnicity     
Black 72 7.24 12.6 7.8 
Other 123 12.37 17.7 7.6 
White 799 80.38 63.7 77.8 
Age, years     
18—29 358 35.87 13.0 (18 to 24 years) 35.41 (sample mean) 
30—44 445 44.59 35.0 (25 to 44 years)  
45—64 164 16.43 34.8 (45 to 64 years)  
65 or older 31 3.11 17.1 (65+ years)  
Educational attainment     
Associate's or two-year college degree 95 9.52 5.52  
Did not finish high school 0.5 11.6  
Four-year college degree 384 38.47 19.49 43.3 (at least college) 
Graduate or professional degree 121 12.12 11.19  
High school diploma or equivalent 109 10.92 28.95  
Some college, no degree 252 25.25 19.1  
Technical or vocational school after high school 32 3.21 4.04  
Party affiliation     
Democrat 592 59.3 44.8 67.5 
Republican 306 30.6 44.3  
MTurk Sample2010 U.S. CensusKuziemko et al. (2015)
VariableFrequencyPercentagePercentagePercentage
Sex     
Female 420 42.17 50.8 57.2 
Male 576 57.83 49.2 42.8 
Race/Ethnicity     
Black 72 7.24 12.6 7.8 
Other 123 12.37 17.7 7.6 
White 799 80.38 63.7 77.8 
Age, years     
18—29 358 35.87 13.0 (18 to 24 years) 35.41 (sample mean) 
30—44 445 44.59 35.0 (25 to 44 years)  
45—64 164 16.43 34.8 (45 to 64 years)  
65 or older 31 3.11 17.1 (65+ years)  
Educational attainment     
Associate's or two-year college degree 95 9.52 5.52  
Did not finish high school 0.5 11.6  
Four-year college degree 384 38.47 19.49 43.3 (at least college) 
Graduate or professional degree 121 12.12 11.19  
High school diploma or equivalent 109 10.92 28.95  
Some college, no degree 252 25.25 19.1  
Technical or vocational school after high school 32 3.21 4.04  
Party affiliation     
Democrat 592 59.3 44.8 67.5 
Republican 306 30.6 44.3  

Notes: This table compares descriptive statistics for the analytic MTurk sample, the 2010 U.S. Census, and the larger MTurk sample obtained in Kuziemko et al. (2015). Statistics on political affiliation are taken from Gallup 2019 (year 2010).

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