Skip to Main Content
Table 1. 
Arguments in favor of concentration
Type of argumentArgumentSelected references
Efficiency Need for critical mass/Risk of dilution of resources Hellström et al. (2017); Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005); Johnston et al. (1995); Hicks & Katz (2011); Vaesen & Katzav (2017; Kenna & Berche (2011)  
Concentration leads to economies of scale Hellström et al. (2017); Ida & Fukuzawa (2013); Bloch et al. (2016)  
Fewer grants lead to smaller administrative burden Berg (2012); Johnston (1994)  
Epistemic effects Achievement of scientific excellence Hellström et al. (2017); Bloch et al. (2016); Hicks & Katz (2011); Breschi & Malerba (2011); Bloch & Sorensen (2015)  
Concentration as natural effect of merit-based funding system Hicks and Katz (2011); Berg (2012)  
Organizational conditions Stable funding flows allow for flexible use of resources Hellström et al. (2017); Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005)  
Enables expansion of collaborative ties Hellström et al. (2017); Bloch et al. (2016); Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005); Johnston (1994)  
Positive spillover effects of concentration Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005)  
Facilitated recruitment Hellström et al. (2017); Bloch et al. (2016); Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005); Johnston (1994)  
Availability of critical research infrastructure and equipment Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005); Gallo et al. (2014); Johnston (1994)  
Type of argumentArgumentSelected references
Efficiency Need for critical mass/Risk of dilution of resources Hellström et al. (2017); Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005); Johnston et al. (1995); Hicks & Katz (2011); Vaesen & Katzav (2017; Kenna & Berche (2011)  
Concentration leads to economies of scale Hellström et al. (2017); Ida & Fukuzawa (2013); Bloch et al. (2016)  
Fewer grants lead to smaller administrative burden Berg (2012); Johnston (1994)  
Epistemic effects Achievement of scientific excellence Hellström et al. (2017); Bloch et al. (2016); Hicks & Katz (2011); Breschi & Malerba (2011); Bloch & Sorensen (2015)  
Concentration as natural effect of merit-based funding system Hicks and Katz (2011); Berg (2012)  
Organizational conditions Stable funding flows allow for flexible use of resources Hellström et al. (2017); Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005)  
Enables expansion of collaborative ties Hellström et al. (2017); Bloch et al. (2016); Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005); Johnston (1994)  
Positive spillover effects of concentration Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005)  
Facilitated recruitment Hellström et al. (2017); Bloch et al. (2016); Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005); Johnston (1994)  
Availability of critical research infrastructure and equipment Bonaccorsi & Daraio (2005); Gallo et al. (2014); Johnston (1994)  
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal