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Table A1. 
The list of WoS subject categories and corresponding broad areas
WoS subject categoryBroad area
Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science Agricultural sciences 
Agriculture, Multidisciplinary Agricultural sciences 
Agronomy Agricultural sciences 
Fisheries Agricultural sciences 
Food Science & Technology Agricultural sciences 
Forestry Agricultural sciences 
Green & Sustainable Science & Technology Agricultural sciences 
Horticulture Agricultural sciences 
Astronomy & Astrophysics Astronomy 
Anatomy & Morphology Biological sciences 
Biochemical Research Methods Biological sciences 
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Biological sciences 
Biodiversity Conservation Biological sciences 
Biology Biological sciences 
Biophysics Biological sciences 
Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology Biological sciences 
Cell & Tissue Engineering Biological sciences 
Cell Biology Biological sciences 
Developmental Biology Biological sciences 
Ecology Biological sciences 
Entomology Biological sciences 
Evolutionary Biology Biological sciences 
Genetics & Heredity Biological sciences 
Microbiology Biological sciences 
Mycology Biological sciences 
Nutrition & Dietetics Biological sciences 
Ornithology Biological sciences 
Paleontology Biological sciences 
Parasitology Biological sciences 
Physiology Biological sciences 
Plant Sciences Biological sciences 
Reproductive Biology Biological sciences 
Virology Biological sciences 
Zoology Biological sciences 
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry 
Chemistry, Applied Chemistry 
Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear Chemistry 
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry 
Chemistry, Multidisciplinary Chemistry 
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry 
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry 
Crystallography Chemistry 
Electrochemistry Chemistry 
Polymer Science Chemistry 
Spectroscopy Chemistry 
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Cybernetics Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Hardware & Architecture Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Information Systems Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Software Engineering Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Theory & Methods Computer sciences 
Medical Informatics Computer sciences 
Agricultural Engineering Engineering 
Automation & Control Systems Engineering 
Construction & Building Technology Engineering 
Energy & Fuels Engineering 
Engineering, Aerospace Engineering 
Engineering, Biomedical Engineering 
Engineering, Chemical Engineering 
Engineering, Civil Engineering 
Engineering, Electrical & Electronic Engineering 
Engineering, Environmental Engineering 
Engineering, Geological Engineering 
Engineering, Industrial Engineering 
Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering 
Engineering, Marine Engineering 
Engineering, Mechanical Engineering 
Engineering, Multidisciplinary Engineering 
Engineering, Ocean Engineering 
Engineering, Petroleum Engineering 
Imaging Science & Photographic Technology Engineering 
Instruments & Instrumentation Engineering 
Materials Science, Biomaterials Engineering 
Materials Science, Ceramics Engineering 
Materials Science, Characterization & Testing Engineering 
Materials Science, Coatings & Films Engineering 
Materials Science, Composites Engineering 
Materials Science, Multidisciplinary Engineering 
Materials Science, Paper & Wood Engineering 
Materials Science, Textiles Engineering 
Mathematical & Computational Biology Engineering 
Medical Laboratory Technology Engineering 
Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering Engineering 
Mining & Mineral Processing Engineering 
Nanoscience & Nanotechnology Engineering 
Neuroimaging Engineering 
Nuclear Science & Technology Engineering 
Operations Research & Management Science Engineering 
Remote Sensing Engineering 
Robotics Engineering 
Telecommunications Engineering 
Transportation Engineering 
Transportation Science & Technology Engineering 
Environmental Sciences Geosciences 
Environmental Studies Geosciences 
Geochemistry & Geophysics Geosciences 
Geography, Physical Geosciences 
Geology Geosciences 
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Geosciences 
Limnology Geosciences 
Marine & Freshwater Biology Geosciences 
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences Geosciences 
Mineralogy Geosciences 
Oceanography Geosciences 
Soil Science Geosciences 
Water Resources Geosciences 
Archaeology Humanities 
Architecture Humanities 
Art Humanities 
Asian Studies Humanities 
Classics Humanities 
Cultural Studies Humanities 
Dance Humanities 
Ethics Humanities 
Ethnic Studies Humanities 
Film, Radio, Television Humanities 
Folklore Humanities 
History Humanities 
History & Philosophy Of Science Humanities 
History Of Social Sciences Humanities 
Humanities, Multidisciplinary Humanities 
Language & Linguistics Humanities 
Literary Reviews Humanities 
Literary Theory & Criticism Humanities 
Literature Humanities 
Literature, African, Australian, Canadian Humanities 
Literature, American Humanities 
Literature, British Isles Humanities 
Literature, German, Dutch, Scandinavian Humanities 
Literature, Romance Humanities 
Literature, Slavic Humanities 
Logic Humanities 
Medical Ethics Humanities 
Medieval & Renaissance Studies Humanities 
Music Humanities 
Philosophy Humanities 
Poetry Humanities 
Religion Humanities 
Theater Humanities 
Women's Studies Humanities 
Mathematics Mathematical sciences 
Mathematics, Applied Mathematical sciences 
Mathematics, Interdisciplinary Applications Mathematical sciences 
Statistics & Probability Mathematical sciences 
Allergy Medical sciences 
Andrology Medical sciences 
Anesthesiology Medical sciences 
Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology Medical sciences 
Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems Medical sciences 
Clinical Neurology Medical sciences 
Critical Care Medicine Medical sciences 
Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine Medical sciences 
Dermatology Medical sciences 
Emergency Medicine Medical sciences 
Endocrinology & Metabolism Medical sciences 
Gastroenterology & Hepatology Medical sciences 
Geriatrics & Gerontology Medical sciences 
Health Policy & Services Medical sciences 
Hematology Medical sciences 
Immunology Medical sciences 
Infectious Diseases Medical sciences 
Integrative & Complementary Medicine Medical sciences 
Medicine, General & Internal Medical sciences 
Medicine, Research & Experimental Medical sciences 
Microscopy Medical sciences 
Neurosciences Medical sciences 
Nursing Medical sciences 
Obstetrics & Gynecology Medical sciences 
Oncology Medical sciences 
Ophthalmology Medical sciences 
Orthopedics Medical sciences 
Otorhinolaryngology Medical sciences 
Pathology Medical sciences 
Pediatrics Medical sciences 
Peripheral Vascular Disease Medical sciences 
Pharmacology & Pharmacy Medical sciences 
Psychiatry Medical sciences 
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health Medical sciences 
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging Medical sciences 
Rehabilitation Medical sciences 
Respiratory System Medical sciences 
Rheumatology Medical sciences 
Sport Sciences Medical sciences 
Substance Abuse Medical sciences 
Surgery Medical sciences 
Toxicology Medical sciences 
Transplantation Medical sciences 
Tropical Medicine Medical sciences 
Urology & Nephrology Medical sciences 
Veterinary Sciences Medical sciences 
Acoustics Physics 
Mechanics Physics 
Optics Physics 
Physics, Applied Physics 
Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical Physics 
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics 
Physics, Fluids & Plasmas Physics 
Physics, Mathematical Physics 
Physics, Multidisciplinary Physics 
Physics, Nuclear Physics 
Physics, Particles & Fields Physics 
Thermodynamics Physics 
Business Professional fields 
Business, Finance Professional fields 
Communication Professional fields 
Education & Educational Research Professional fields 
Education, Scientific Disciplines Professional fields 
Education, Special Professional fields 
Ergonomics Professional fields 
Family Studies Professional fields 
Health Care Sciences & Services Professional fields 
Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Professional fields 
Industrial Relations & Labor Professional fields 
Information Science & Library Science Professional fields 
Law Professional fields 
Management Professional fields 
Medicine, Legal Professional fields 
Primary Health Care Professional fields 
Social Work Professional fields 
Behavioral Sciences Psychology 
Psychology Psychology 
Psychology, Applied Psychology 
Psychology, Biological Psychology 
Psychology, Clinical Psychology 
Psychology, Developmental Psychology 
Psychology, Educational Psychology 
Psychology, Experimental Psychology 
Psychology, Mathematical Psychology 
Psychology, Multidisciplinary Psychology 
Psychology, Psychoanalysis Psychology 
Psychology, Social Psychology 
Agricultural Economics & Policy Social sciences 
Anthropology Social sciences 
Area Studies Social sciences 
Criminology & Penology Social sciences 
Demography Social sciences 
Economics Social sciences 
Geography Social sciences 
Gerontology Social sciences 
International Relations Social sciences 
Linguistics Social sciences 
Planning & Development Social sciences 
Political Science Social sciences 
Public Administration Social sciences 
Social Issues Social sciences 
Social Sciences, Biomedical Social sciences 
Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary Social sciences 
Social Sciences, Mathematical Methods Social sciences 
Sociology Social sciences 
Urban Studies Social sciences 
WoS subject categoryBroad area
Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science Agricultural sciences 
Agriculture, Multidisciplinary Agricultural sciences 
Agronomy Agricultural sciences 
Fisheries Agricultural sciences 
Food Science & Technology Agricultural sciences 
Forestry Agricultural sciences 
Green & Sustainable Science & Technology Agricultural sciences 
Horticulture Agricultural sciences 
Astronomy & Astrophysics Astronomy 
Anatomy & Morphology Biological sciences 
Biochemical Research Methods Biological sciences 
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Biological sciences 
Biodiversity Conservation Biological sciences 
Biology Biological sciences 
Biophysics Biological sciences 
Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology Biological sciences 
Cell & Tissue Engineering Biological sciences 
Cell Biology Biological sciences 
Developmental Biology Biological sciences 
Ecology Biological sciences 
Entomology Biological sciences 
Evolutionary Biology Biological sciences 
Genetics & Heredity Biological sciences 
Microbiology Biological sciences 
Mycology Biological sciences 
Nutrition & Dietetics Biological sciences 
Ornithology Biological sciences 
Paleontology Biological sciences 
Parasitology Biological sciences 
Physiology Biological sciences 
Plant Sciences Biological sciences 
Reproductive Biology Biological sciences 
Virology Biological sciences 
Zoology Biological sciences 
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry 
Chemistry, Applied Chemistry 
Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear Chemistry 
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry 
Chemistry, Multidisciplinary Chemistry 
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry 
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry 
Crystallography Chemistry 
Electrochemistry Chemistry 
Polymer Science Chemistry 
Spectroscopy Chemistry 
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Cybernetics Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Hardware & Architecture Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Information Systems Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Software Engineering Computer sciences 
Computer Science, Theory & Methods Computer sciences 
Medical Informatics Computer sciences 
Agricultural Engineering Engineering 
Automation & Control Systems Engineering 
Construction & Building Technology Engineering 
Energy & Fuels Engineering 
Engineering, Aerospace Engineering 
Engineering, Biomedical Engineering 
Engineering, Chemical Engineering 
Engineering, Civil Engineering 
Engineering, Electrical & Electronic Engineering 
Engineering, Environmental Engineering 
Engineering, Geological Engineering 
Engineering, Industrial Engineering 
Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering 
Engineering, Marine Engineering 
Engineering, Mechanical Engineering 
Engineering, Multidisciplinary Engineering 
Engineering, Ocean Engineering 
Engineering, Petroleum Engineering 
Imaging Science & Photographic Technology Engineering 
Instruments & Instrumentation Engineering 
Materials Science, Biomaterials Engineering 
Materials Science, Ceramics Engineering 
Materials Science, Characterization & Testing Engineering 
Materials Science, Coatings & Films Engineering 
Materials Science, Composites Engineering 
Materials Science, Multidisciplinary Engineering 
Materials Science, Paper & Wood Engineering 
Materials Science, Textiles Engineering 
Mathematical & Computational Biology Engineering 
Medical Laboratory Technology Engineering 
Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering Engineering 
Mining & Mineral Processing Engineering 
Nanoscience & Nanotechnology Engineering 
Neuroimaging Engineering 
Nuclear Science & Technology Engineering 
Operations Research & Management Science Engineering 
Remote Sensing Engineering 
Robotics Engineering 
Telecommunications Engineering 
Transportation Engineering 
Transportation Science & Technology Engineering 
Environmental Sciences Geosciences 
Environmental Studies Geosciences 
Geochemistry & Geophysics Geosciences 
Geography, Physical Geosciences 
Geology Geosciences 
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Geosciences 
Limnology Geosciences 
Marine & Freshwater Biology Geosciences 
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences Geosciences 
Mineralogy Geosciences 
Oceanography Geosciences 
Soil Science Geosciences 
Water Resources Geosciences 
Archaeology Humanities 
Architecture Humanities 
Art Humanities 
Asian Studies Humanities 
Classics Humanities 
Cultural Studies Humanities 
Dance Humanities 
Ethics Humanities 
Ethnic Studies Humanities 
Film, Radio, Television Humanities 
Folklore Humanities 
History Humanities 
History & Philosophy Of Science Humanities 
History Of Social Sciences Humanities 
Humanities, Multidisciplinary Humanities 
Language & Linguistics Humanities 
Literary Reviews Humanities 
Literary Theory & Criticism Humanities 
Literature Humanities 
Literature, African, Australian, Canadian Humanities 
Literature, American Humanities 
Literature, British Isles Humanities 
Literature, German, Dutch, Scandinavian Humanities 
Literature, Romance Humanities 
Literature, Slavic Humanities 
Logic Humanities 
Medical Ethics Humanities 
Medieval & Renaissance Studies Humanities 
Music Humanities 
Philosophy Humanities 
Poetry Humanities 
Religion Humanities 
Theater Humanities 
Women's Studies Humanities 
Mathematics Mathematical sciences 
Mathematics, Applied Mathematical sciences 
Mathematics, Interdisciplinary Applications Mathematical sciences 
Statistics & Probability Mathematical sciences 
Allergy Medical sciences 
Andrology Medical sciences 
Anesthesiology Medical sciences 
Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology Medical sciences 
Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems Medical sciences 
Clinical Neurology Medical sciences 
Critical Care Medicine Medical sciences 
Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine Medical sciences 
Dermatology Medical sciences 
Emergency Medicine Medical sciences 
Endocrinology & Metabolism Medical sciences 
Gastroenterology & Hepatology Medical sciences 
Geriatrics & Gerontology Medical sciences 
Health Policy & Services Medical sciences 
Hematology Medical sciences 
Immunology Medical sciences 
Infectious Diseases Medical sciences 
Integrative & Complementary Medicine Medical sciences 
Medicine, General & Internal Medical sciences 
Medicine, Research & Experimental Medical sciences 
Microscopy Medical sciences 
Neurosciences Medical sciences 
Nursing Medical sciences 
Obstetrics & Gynecology Medical sciences 
Oncology Medical sciences 
Ophthalmology Medical sciences 
Orthopedics Medical sciences 
Otorhinolaryngology Medical sciences 
Pathology Medical sciences 
Pediatrics Medical sciences 
Peripheral Vascular Disease Medical sciences 
Pharmacology & Pharmacy Medical sciences 
Psychiatry Medical sciences 
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health Medical sciences 
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging Medical sciences 
Rehabilitation Medical sciences 
Respiratory System Medical sciences 
Rheumatology Medical sciences 
Sport Sciences Medical sciences 
Substance Abuse Medical sciences 
Surgery Medical sciences 
Toxicology Medical sciences 
Transplantation Medical sciences 
Tropical Medicine Medical sciences 
Urology & Nephrology Medical sciences 
Veterinary Sciences Medical sciences 
Acoustics Physics 
Mechanics Physics 
Optics Physics 
Physics, Applied Physics 
Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical Physics 
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics 
Physics, Fluids & Plasmas Physics 
Physics, Mathematical Physics 
Physics, Multidisciplinary Physics 
Physics, Nuclear Physics 
Physics, Particles & Fields Physics 
Thermodynamics Physics 
Business Professional fields 
Business, Finance Professional fields 
Communication Professional fields 
Education & Educational Research Professional fields 
Education, Scientific Disciplines Professional fields 
Education, Special Professional fields 
Ergonomics Professional fields 
Family Studies Professional fields 
Health Care Sciences & Services Professional fields 
Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Professional fields 
Industrial Relations & Labor Professional fields 
Information Science & Library Science Professional fields 
Law Professional fields 
Management Professional fields 
Medicine, Legal Professional fields 
Primary Health Care Professional fields 
Social Work Professional fields 
Behavioral Sciences Psychology 
Psychology Psychology 
Psychology, Applied Psychology 
Psychology, Biological Psychology 
Psychology, Clinical Psychology 
Psychology, Developmental Psychology 
Psychology, Educational Psychology 
Psychology, Experimental Psychology 
Psychology, Mathematical Psychology 
Psychology, Multidisciplinary Psychology 
Psychology, Psychoanalysis Psychology 
Psychology, Social Psychology 
Agricultural Economics & Policy Social sciences 
Anthropology Social sciences 
Area Studies Social sciences 
Criminology & Penology Social sciences 
Demography Social sciences 
Economics Social sciences 
Geography Social sciences 
Gerontology Social sciences 
International Relations Social sciences 
Linguistics Social sciences 
Planning & Development Social sciences 
Political Science Social sciences 
Public Administration Social sciences 
Social Issues Social sciences 
Social Sciences, Biomedical Social sciences 
Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary Social sciences 
Social Sciences, Mathematical Methods Social sciences 
Sociology Social sciences 
Urban Studies Social sciences 
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