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Table 2. 

Correlations with Social Distress

Anatomical Region
BA

x
y
z
t
r
k
p
(A) 
Positive Associations with Self-reported Distress 
 subACC 25 −12 16 −8 3.41 .65 10 <.005 
 
Negative Associations with Self-reported Distress 
 DMPFC −8 42 44 3.34 −.64 16 <.005 
 Premotor cortex −24 54 4.77 −.75 111 <.0005 
 
(B) 
Positive Associations with Observer-rated Distress 
 dACC 32 20 32 3.47 .66 19 <.005 
 Anterior insula  −40 14 −16 3.94 .70 17 <.001 
 VMPFC 11 48 −18 3.24 .63 20 <.005 
 DMPFC −6 54 48 4.58 .70 23 <.001 
 
Negative Associations with Observer-rated Distress 
 VLPFC 45 48 32 3.38 −.65 15 <.005 
 ALPFC 10 −20 44 3.84 −.69 31 <.001 
 DMPFC 8/9 −12 42 42 3.90 −.70 61 <.001 
 Somatosens. cortex 1/2/3 34 −34 74 6.95 −.87 50 <.0001 
 Cerebellum  −22 −50 −46 6.49 −.85 33 <.0001 
 IPL 40 −38 −52 40 6.42 −.85 44 <.0001 
 Precuneus 10 −36 70 6.28 −.84 132 <.0001 
 Somatosens. cortex 1/2/3 −22 −34 58 6.06 −.83 94 <.0001 
Anatomical Region
BA

x
y
z
t
r
k
p
(A) 
Positive Associations with Self-reported Distress 
 subACC 25 −12 16 −8 3.41 .65 10 <.005 
 
Negative Associations with Self-reported Distress 
 DMPFC −8 42 44 3.34 −.64 16 <.005 
 Premotor cortex −24 54 4.77 −.75 111 <.0005 
 
(B) 
Positive Associations with Observer-rated Distress 
 dACC 32 20 32 3.47 .66 19 <.005 
 Anterior insula  −40 14 −16 3.94 .70 17 <.001 
 VMPFC 11 48 −18 3.24 .63 20 <.005 
 DMPFC −6 54 48 4.58 .70 23 <.001 
 
Negative Associations with Observer-rated Distress 
 VLPFC 45 48 32 3.38 −.65 15 <.005 
 ALPFC 10 −20 44 3.84 −.69 31 <.001 
 DMPFC 8/9 −12 42 42 3.90 −.70 61 <.001 
 Somatosens. cortex 1/2/3 34 −34 74 6.95 −.87 50 <.0001 
 Cerebellum  −22 −50 −46 6.49 −.85 33 <.0001 
 IPL 40 −38 −52 40 6.42 −.85 44 <.0001 
 Precuneus 10 −36 70 6.28 −.84 132 <.0001 
 Somatosens. cortex 1/2/3 −22 −34 58 6.06 −.83 94 <.0001 

Regions activated during exclusion versus inclusion that correlated significantly with: (A) self-reported distress and (B) observer-rated distress resulting from exclusion.

Regions marked with a cross (†) are those that were not the primary focus of this investigation but that were still significant at p < .001, 20 voxels (k-values listed for these were taken from the thresholding map at p < .001). All other regions (e.g., limbic, prefrontal) are listed at p < .005, 10 voxels. BA refers to putative Brodmann's area; L and R refer to left and right hemispheres; x, y, and z refer to MNI coordinates; t refers to the t score at those coordinates (local maxima); r refers to the correlation coefficient representing the strength of the association between each regressor and activity in the specified region; k refers to the number of voxels in each significant cluster. subACC = subgenual anterior cingulate cortex; DMPFC = dorsomedial prefrontal cortex; dACC = dorsal anterior cingulate cortex; VMPFC = ventromedial prefrontal cortex; VLPFC = ventrolateral prefrontal cortex; ALPFC = anterolateral prefrontal cortex; somatosens. cortex = somatosensory cortex; IPL = inferior parietal lobule.

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