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Table 2. 

Identification of BOLD Signal Changes in Response to Food Items Associated with the Main Effects of Restraint, Preload, and the Restraint by Preload Interaction

Brain Region

F
x
y
z
Main Effect of Dietary Status—Dieters > Non-dieters 
BA 39 L middle temporal gyrus 11.9 −54 −72 23 
BA 47 L inferior frontal gyrus 11.3 −48 41 −2 
BA 7 R lateral parietal sulcus 10.1 36 −50 49 
BA 6 L superior frontal gyrus 9.4 −15 18 60 
BA 44/45 L inferior frontal gyrus 8.3 −54 19 
Insula R insula 7.1 36 14 
 
Main Effect of Dietary Status—Non-dieters > Dieters 
BA 18 R inferior occipital gyrus 7.8 29 −86 −7 
BA 9 R middle frontal gyrus 7.7 36 19 27 
 
Main Effect of Preload—Milkshake > Water 
BA 10 R OFC 8.2 15 60 21 
BA 17 R cuneus 7.1 −96 
BA 32 R ventral anterior cingulate 6.9 15 26 −9 
 
Main Effect of Preload—Water > Milkshake 
BA 4 L precentral gyrus 11.5 −42 −18 45 
BA 21 R middle temporal gyrus 9.9 74 −41 −6 
BA 10 L lateral OFC 9.8 42 58 −5 
BA 4 L precentral gyrus 9.2 −24 −15 48 
BA 32/8 Dorsal anterior cingulate 5.9 34 34 
 
Restraint ×Preload Interaction 
Striatum R NAcc 8.2 12 −3 
Striatum L putamen 7.2 −18 
Striatum L NAcc/putamen 6.5 −15 −8 
Striatum L caudate 6.2 −12 15 16 
Amygdala L amygdala 5.6 −27 −4 −20 
Brain Region

F
x
y
z
Main Effect of Dietary Status—Dieters > Non-dieters 
BA 39 L middle temporal gyrus 11.9 −54 −72 23 
BA 47 L inferior frontal gyrus 11.3 −48 41 −2 
BA 7 R lateral parietal sulcus 10.1 36 −50 49 
BA 6 L superior frontal gyrus 9.4 −15 18 60 
BA 44/45 L inferior frontal gyrus 8.3 −54 19 
Insula R insula 7.1 36 14 
 
Main Effect of Dietary Status—Non-dieters > Dieters 
BA 18 R inferior occipital gyrus 7.8 29 −86 −7 
BA 9 R middle frontal gyrus 7.7 36 19 27 
 
Main Effect of Preload—Milkshake > Water 
BA 10 R OFC 8.2 15 60 21 
BA 17 R cuneus 7.1 −96 
BA 32 R ventral anterior cingulate 6.9 15 26 −9 
 
Main Effect of Preload—Water > Milkshake 
BA 4 L precentral gyrus 11.5 −42 −18 45 
BA 21 R middle temporal gyrus 9.9 74 −41 −6 
BA 10 L lateral OFC 9.8 42 58 −5 
BA 4 L precentral gyrus 9.2 −24 −15 48 
BA 32/8 Dorsal anterior cingulate 5.9 34 34 
 
Restraint ×Preload Interaction 
Striatum R NAcc 8.2 12 −3 
Striatum L putamen 7.2 −18 
Striatum L NAcc/putamen 6.5 −15 −8 
Striatum L caudate 6.2 −12 15 16 
Amygdala L amygdala 5.6 −27 −4 −20 

Activations determined to be significant (thresholded at p < .05, corrected for false discovery rate, minimum extent threshold: k = 5 contiguous voxels) are listed along with the best estimate of their location. BA = Brodmann's area location. Coordinates are from the Talairach and Tournoux (1988) atlas. Locations of the activations are determined on the basis of the functional responses superimposed on averaged anatomical MRI images and are referenced to the Talairach atlas.

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