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Table 2. 

Example Story Stimuli

Condition
Story 1
Condition
Story 9
Perception From her spot backstage, Hannah caught a glance of the spacious theater hall where the music competition was being held. The hall's ornamented balconies hung over the heads of those sitting on the lower level. The buzz of their talking was loud, and yet they seemed small, almost miniature, in their seats. She heard orchestra players tuning their instruments and felt butterflies in her stomach. It was the first time she would be competing while accompanied by an entire orchestra. Control Two weeks of vacation time were almost gone before Alice got around to her home renovations. The walls of the apartment where she had been living for several years were in disrepair. Still, it was so easy to busy herself with other things—vacation time was always too short to do everything that needed to be done. But with only a few days left of her vacation, she was finally going to get to work fixing up her place. 
Action Hannah slowly walked out onto the stage. The theater-goers abruptly fell silent, before clapping their hands enthusiastically. She sat at the piano stool, placing her hands on the piano keys, ready to begin. The conductor waved both his hands, vigorously, and the orchestra started playing. Her fingers moved swiftly across the keys and her feet lightly pressed the piano pedals. Her body swayed gently back and forth, as if the very sound of the music was moving her. Action Walking through the local hardware store, Alice grabbed supplies and dropped them in her basket. Then, at home, she pushed the furniture into the center of each room and threw large plastic sheets over each piece. She then laid down tape along the edges of the walls to prevent smudges on the floorboards. Finally, she started painting—first slowly dabbing the corners with special brushes, then more rapidly rolling paint on large parts of the wall with her rollers. 
Emotion Only when she was in the backstage room did Hannah let herself feel the joy. With the thunderous applause still in her ears, she felt a wave of pleasure overcome her. Before long, she was being called back to the stage by the judges and she walked out unsteadily, her face flushed with excitement. With tears of joy in her eyes, she accepted a large bouquet of flowers and a check that was awarded to her. She felt the thrill of victory. Control In the evening, Alice was about half-way done with painting. She left all the windows open to air the place out. She took a shower, got dressed, and went out to find some food. She ate at one of the local restaurants, only 5 min away from her home. When she got back home, the apartment still smelled of paint and was chilly too. Alice called up her best friend Jane and asked to crash at her place. 
Condition
Story 1
Condition
Story 9
Perception From her spot backstage, Hannah caught a glance of the spacious theater hall where the music competition was being held. The hall's ornamented balconies hung over the heads of those sitting on the lower level. The buzz of their talking was loud, and yet they seemed small, almost miniature, in their seats. She heard orchestra players tuning their instruments and felt butterflies in her stomach. It was the first time she would be competing while accompanied by an entire orchestra. Control Two weeks of vacation time were almost gone before Alice got around to her home renovations. The walls of the apartment where she had been living for several years were in disrepair. Still, it was so easy to busy herself with other things—vacation time was always too short to do everything that needed to be done. But with only a few days left of her vacation, she was finally going to get to work fixing up her place. 
Action Hannah slowly walked out onto the stage. The theater-goers abruptly fell silent, before clapping their hands enthusiastically. She sat at the piano stool, placing her hands on the piano keys, ready to begin. The conductor waved both his hands, vigorously, and the orchestra started playing. Her fingers moved swiftly across the keys and her feet lightly pressed the piano pedals. Her body swayed gently back and forth, as if the very sound of the music was moving her. Action Walking through the local hardware store, Alice grabbed supplies and dropped them in her basket. Then, at home, she pushed the furniture into the center of each room and threw large plastic sheets over each piece. She then laid down tape along the edges of the walls to prevent smudges on the floorboards. Finally, she started painting—first slowly dabbing the corners with special brushes, then more rapidly rolling paint on large parts of the wall with her rollers. 
Emotion Only when she was in the backstage room did Hannah let herself feel the joy. With the thunderous applause still in her ears, she felt a wave of pleasure overcome her. Before long, she was being called back to the stage by the judges and she walked out unsteadily, her face flushed with excitement. With tears of joy in her eyes, she accepted a large bouquet of flowers and a check that was awarded to her. She felt the thrill of victory. Control In the evening, Alice was about half-way done with painting. She left all the windows open to air the place out. She took a shower, got dressed, and went out to find some food. She ate at one of the local restaurants, only 5 min away from her home. When she got back home, the apartment still smelled of paint and was chilly too. Alice called up her best friend Jane and asked to crash at her place. 

Stories contained perceptual content in the first paragraph, action content in the second, and emotional content in the third. As a form of control, some stories had control paragraphs with minimal perception, action, or emotion content (e.g., Story 9, Paragraphs 1 and 3). The full set of stimuli is available on-line at www.nidcd.nih.gov/research/scientists/pages/brauna.aspx.

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