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Table 3. 

Mean and Standard Deviation (in Parentheses) of the Linguistic Measures of the Paragraphs in Each Condition

Condition
Number of Syllables
Number of Words
Number of Words per Sentence
Readability Indexa
Average Word Frequencybper Paragraph
Average Word Imageability Ratingcper Paragraph
Perception 101.0 (8.1) 77.1 (2.7) 16.7 (2.0) 69.3 (7.5)d 109.5 (20.0) 506.8 (18.2) 
Action 109.4 (6.6) 78.3 (2.0) 16.9 (2.4) 71.4 (7.1) 124.9 (30.7) 473.4 (33.0) 
Emotion 105.6 (5.4) 77.9 (3.0) 15.6 (2.1) 76.3 (5.0) 133.0 (30.4) 490.5 (22.1) 
Control 108.3 (6.9) 76.7 (2.1) 16.2 (3.0) 70.9 (8.6) 209.8 (67.9)e 455.7 (33.9)e 
Condition
Number of Syllables
Number of Words
Number of Words per Sentence
Readability Indexa
Average Word Frequencybper Paragraph
Average Word Imageability Ratingcper Paragraph
Perception 101.0 (8.1) 77.1 (2.7) 16.7 (2.0) 69.3 (7.5)d 109.5 (20.0) 506.8 (18.2) 
Action 109.4 (6.6) 78.3 (2.0) 16.9 (2.4) 71.4 (7.1) 124.9 (30.7) 473.4 (33.0) 
Emotion 105.6 (5.4) 77.9 (3.0) 15.6 (2.1) 76.3 (5.0) 133.0 (30.4) 490.5 (22.1) 
Control 108.3 (6.9) 76.7 (2.1) 16.2 (3.0) 70.9 (8.6) 209.8 (67.9)e 455.7 (33.9)e 

aReadability index indicates comprehension difficulty of a text (developed by Kincaid et al., 1975). Higher values indicate that a text is easier to read. An index of 60–70 is approximately eighth grade level.

bOccurrence in a corpus of 1.014 million words provided by Kucera and Francis (1967). Only open-class words available from the MRC Psycholinguistic Database (Coltheart, 1981) were considered.

cRatings of likelihood of a word evoking mental images (ranged from 100 to 700). Only open-class words available from the MRC Psycholinguistic Database (Coltheart, 1981) were considered.

dIndicates the Control condition is significantly different (p < .05) from the Emotion condition.

eIndicates the Control condition is significantly different (p < .05) from all the other conditions.

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