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Table 1. 

Demographic Information and Cognitive Scores (with Standard Deviation) for Groups with PPA and Healthy Controls

LV (n = 12)NFV (n = 12)SV (n = 12)Control (n = 13)
Demographic 
 Age 62.75 (8.9) 70.08 (7.4) 63.00 (6.4) 66.46 (3.9) 
 Sex 2M:10F 5M:7F 6M:6F 4M:9F 
 Education (years) 17.8 (1.1) 18.5 (1.8) 16.50 (2.7) 18.0 (3.8) 
 Handedness 9R;2L;1Amb 11R;1L 11R;1L 9R;4L 
 MMSE (30) 24.1 (5.5)d 27.4 (1.90) 27.4 (2.8) 29.6 (0.7) 
Language and speech 
 BNT (15) 9.8 (3.7)b 13.5 (1.6) 5.9 (3.0)a,b  
 Fluency rating (WAB; 10) 8.8 (0.9) 7.6 (1.8)c 9.0 (0.4)  
 Repetition (WAB; 100) 78.6 (12.9)b,c 91.9 (5.8) 95.7 (4.6)  
 Sequential commands (WAB; 80) 72.6 (8.6)c 73.5 (8.3) 80.0 (0.0)  
 AOS rating (0–7) 0.3 (1.2) 1.9 (1.3)a,c 0.0  
 Dysarthria rating (0–7) 0.0 2.1 (1.9)a,c 0.0  
 PPVT-short (16)e 14.0 (2.1) 15.6 (0.5) 10.5 (3.8)a,b,d 15.5 (0.7) 
Working memory 
 Digit span forward 4.3 (1.4)c,d 4.6 (1.0)c,d 7.1 (1.3) 7.5 (1.5) 
Visuospatial function 
 Benson figure copy (17)e 14.7 (2.6) 15.2 (1.2) 15.8 (0.8) 15.4 (0.5) 
Visual memory 
 Benson figure recall (17)e 6.0 (3.4)b,d 11.3 (2.5) 7.7 (4.8) 12.1 (2.9) 
Verbal memory 
 CVLT-SF Trials 1–4 (40)e 17.6 (8.5) 24.6 (5.8) 18.8 (5.9)  
 CVLT-SF 30-sec free recall (10)e 4.9 (2.9) 6.3 (1.8) 3.8 (2.4)  
 CVLT-SF 10-min free recall (10)e 3.5 (3.6) 5.8 (2.0) 2.4 (1.9)b  
Executive functions 
 Digit span backward 2.9 (0.9)c,d 3.9 (1.0)c,d 6.2 (1.8) 5.9 (1.5) 
 Modified trails (lines per minute)e 15.8 (11.9)d 12.7 (8.8)d 25.3 (10.1)d 44.6 (16.0) 
LV (n = 12)NFV (n = 12)SV (n = 12)Control (n = 13)
Demographic 
 Age 62.75 (8.9) 70.08 (7.4) 63.00 (6.4) 66.46 (3.9) 
 Sex 2M:10F 5M:7F 6M:6F 4M:9F 
 Education (years) 17.8 (1.1) 18.5 (1.8) 16.50 (2.7) 18.0 (3.8) 
 Handedness 9R;2L;1Amb 11R;1L 11R;1L 9R;4L 
 MMSE (30) 24.1 (5.5)d 27.4 (1.90) 27.4 (2.8) 29.6 (0.7) 
Language and speech 
 BNT (15) 9.8 (3.7)b 13.5 (1.6) 5.9 (3.0)a,b  
 Fluency rating (WAB; 10) 8.8 (0.9) 7.6 (1.8)c 9.0 (0.4)  
 Repetition (WAB; 100) 78.6 (12.9)b,c 91.9 (5.8) 95.7 (4.6)  
 Sequential commands (WAB; 80) 72.6 (8.6)c 73.5 (8.3) 80.0 (0.0)  
 AOS rating (0–7) 0.3 (1.2) 1.9 (1.3)a,c 0.0  
 Dysarthria rating (0–7) 0.0 2.1 (1.9)a,c 0.0  
 PPVT-short (16)e 14.0 (2.1) 15.6 (0.5) 10.5 (3.8)a,b,d 15.5 (0.7) 
Working memory 
 Digit span forward 4.3 (1.4)c,d 4.6 (1.0)c,d 7.1 (1.3) 7.5 (1.5) 
Visuospatial function 
 Benson figure copy (17)e 14.7 (2.6) 15.2 (1.2) 15.8 (0.8) 15.4 (0.5) 
Visual memory 
 Benson figure recall (17)e 6.0 (3.4)b,d 11.3 (2.5) 7.7 (4.8) 12.1 (2.9) 
Verbal memory 
 CVLT-SF Trials 1–4 (40)e 17.6 (8.5) 24.6 (5.8) 18.8 (5.9)  
 CVLT-SF 30-sec free recall (10)e 4.9 (2.9) 6.3 (1.8) 3.8 (2.4)  
 CVLT-SF 10-min free recall (10)e 3.5 (3.6) 5.8 (2.0) 2.4 (1.9)b  
Executive functions 
 Digit span backward 2.9 (0.9)c,d 3.9 (1.0)c,d 6.2 (1.8) 5.9 (1.5) 
 Modified trails (lines per minute)e 15.8 (11.9)d 12.7 (8.8)d 25.3 (10.1)d 44.6 (16.0) 

Group differences: significantly impaired relative to alogopenic, bnonfluent/agrammatic, csemantic and dcontrol groups (p < .05 with Sidak correction).

eFrom Kramer et al. (2003).

Amb = ambidextrous; F = female; M = male.

LV = logopenic variant, NFV = nonfluent/agrammatic variant, SV = semantic variant; WAB = Western Aphasia Battery; PPVT = Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; CVLT-SF = California Verbal Learning Test-UCSF version.

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