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Table 2. 

Transcriptions of All Responses Elicited at Each Syntactic Encoding Site

Patient Site Stimulus Response Error Code(s) 
P1 Tri Boy hugging girl the boy (.) is kicking (.) the girl (…) I mean is hugging per/ret 
Girl chasing boy (..) the girl is boying (…) uh the girl is kicking, the girl is chasing the boy syn/per/ret 
Boy washing girl (…) the girl (.) is being tʃeɪ- er, being (.) scrubbed (.) by the boy fs/pau/ret 
Girl pushing boy (…) the girl is boying (.) is uh (.) pushing the boy syn/ret 
Boy pushing girl the boy is pushing the girl none 
 
P2 Tri Girl chasing boy the girl is chasing the boy none 
Boy washing girl (……) the girl is (…) bathing (…) bathing the girl (.) the boy is bathing the girl syn/ret 
Girl washing boy the boy is pulling… per/aban 
Boy hugging girl (…) boy is hugging the girl none 
 
P3 Tri (ventral) Boy pushing girl the girl is (..) uh let me try that again (.) the boy is pushing the girl ret 
Girl kissing boy the girl is (.) kicking the (..) is kɪ- moving uh holding the bʌg the boy ret/fs/sem/phon 
Girl kicking boy the (…..) girl is kicking the boy arr 
Girl kicking boy the um girl is kicking the (…) the boy is kicking the girl syn/ret 
 
 Tri (dorsal) Girl washing boy the (…) um bɔ- the girl is (…) washing her wrist fs/ret 
Boy kissing girl um (.) the (.) I can't (.) uh (.) jeez the wəɹs uh chasing the girl arr 
Boy kissing girl the girl is kissing the (.) the boy is kissing the the girl syn/ret 
Girl washing boy (…) uh the girl is (..) um (.) washing the boy arr 
 
P7 Op Girl kicking boy the boy is being kissed (.) by the girl, kicked per/ret 
Girl kissing boy the girl is being kissed by the girl syn 
Girl washing boy he's being washed by the girl none 
 
P8 Op Girl pulling boy uh girl is pulling a boy none 
Boy pushing girl uh (..) well I (..) boy is pushing girl in a swing arr 
Girl kissing boy girl is (..) kiss a (.) kiss a boy syn/ret 
Girl kicking boy girl (.) kick boy syn/pau 
Boy chasing girla um … girl is is boy chasing girl arr 
Boy kicking girla um (.) boy kɪ- kɪ- kicking kicking girl or fs/ret 
Boy pushing girla um (..) sh- uh he's p- p- uh s- sw- swinging him (.) on a little swing (.) he's pushing her syn/fs/ret 
Boy kissing girla the girl is kɪ- kɪ- kissing the boy ah is kiss- I mean the boy is kissing the girl syn/fs/ret 
Boy kissing girla the girl's (.) kiss- is kiss- kissing (.) the boy is kissing the girl syn/ret 
Girl washing boya ah (.) the girl (.) is (.) is (..) um (.) it was bathed she bathed him syn/ret 
 
 Orb Boy kicking girl (..) um (..) the (.) uh boy is uh um (..) uh um (.) kick girl syn/pau 
Girl washing boy um (..) girl is chasing (.) a boy pau 
Girl pushing boy same thing um (..) boy a- are um (..) oh switcheroos ok xxx a girl (.) pushin' a boy (.) in a swing syn/fs/ret 
Boy chasing girl um (..) girl (.) um (.) boy is chasing girl ret 
Boy washing girl boy is (..) is uh um (..) is uh uh (.) um (.) washing (.) uh (.) wash girl in the tub syn/ret 
 
P12 Tri Boy kissing girl the boy is kissing the girl none 
Girl chasing boy the boy is chasing the boy … er sorry did i say that wrong? the girl is chasing the boy syn 
Boy pushing girl the girl is (.) s- swinging the girl syn/fs/pau 
Girl pulling boy the girl is pulling the boy none 
 
P14 Op Girl chasing boy um (..) girl is chasing (.) boy pau 
Boy pushing girl (…) boy is effective um (..) sorry ha, boy is pushing the girl's swing sem/pau 
Girl pulling boy (..) um boy (.) has (..) turned um (.) trailer sem/pau 
Boy pulling girl (…) boy (.) i- is chase of girl in th- um (..) trailer syn/per/fs/pau 
Boy washing girl (…) boy has (.) enough um (…) boy… sem/ret 
Patient Site Stimulus Response Error Code(s) 
P1 Tri Boy hugging girl the boy (.) is kicking (.) the girl (…) I mean is hugging per/ret 
Girl chasing boy (..) the girl is boying (…) uh the girl is kicking, the girl is chasing the boy syn/per/ret 
Boy washing girl (…) the girl (.) is being tʃeɪ- er, being (.) scrubbed (.) by the boy fs/pau/ret 
Girl pushing boy (…) the girl is boying (.) is uh (.) pushing the boy syn/ret 
Boy pushing girl the boy is pushing the girl none 
 
P2 Tri Girl chasing boy the girl is chasing the boy none 
Boy washing girl (……) the girl is (…) bathing (…) bathing the girl (.) the boy is bathing the girl syn/ret 
Girl washing boy the boy is pulling… per/aban 
Boy hugging girl (…) boy is hugging the girl none 
 
P3 Tri (ventral) Boy pushing girl the girl is (..) uh let me try that again (.) the boy is pushing the girl ret 
Girl kissing boy the girl is (.) kicking the (..) is kɪ- moving uh holding the bʌg the boy ret/fs/sem/phon 
Girl kicking boy the (…..) girl is kicking the boy arr 
Girl kicking boy the um girl is kicking the (…) the boy is kicking the girl syn/ret 
 
 Tri (dorsal) Girl washing boy the (…) um bɔ- the girl is (…) washing her wrist fs/ret 
Boy kissing girl um (.) the (.) I can't (.) uh (.) jeez the wəɹs uh chasing the girl arr 
Boy kissing girl the girl is kissing the (.) the boy is kissing the the girl syn/ret 
Girl washing boy (…) uh the girl is (..) um (.) washing the boy arr 
 
P7 Op Girl kicking boy the boy is being kissed (.) by the girl, kicked per/ret 
Girl kissing boy the girl is being kissed by the girl syn 
Girl washing boy he's being washed by the girl none 
 
P8 Op Girl pulling boy uh girl is pulling a boy none 
Boy pushing girl uh (..) well I (..) boy is pushing girl in a swing arr 
Girl kissing boy girl is (..) kiss a (.) kiss a boy syn/ret 
Girl kicking boy girl (.) kick boy syn/pau 
Boy chasing girla um … girl is is boy chasing girl arr 
Boy kicking girla um (.) boy kɪ- kɪ- kicking kicking girl or fs/ret 
Boy pushing girla um (..) sh- uh he's p- p- uh s- sw- swinging him (.) on a little swing (.) he's pushing her syn/fs/ret 
Boy kissing girla the girl is kɪ- kɪ- kissing the boy ah is kiss- I mean the boy is kissing the girl syn/fs/ret 
Boy kissing girla the girl's (.) kiss- is kiss- kissing (.) the boy is kissing the girl syn/ret 
Girl washing boya ah (.) the girl (.) is (.) is (..) um (.) it was bathed she bathed him syn/ret 
 
 Orb Boy kicking girl (..) um (..) the (.) uh boy is uh um (..) uh um (.) kick girl syn/pau 
Girl washing boy um (..) girl is chasing (.) a boy pau 
Girl pushing boy same thing um (..) boy a- are um (..) oh switcheroos ok xxx a girl (.) pushin' a boy (.) in a swing syn/fs/ret 
Boy chasing girl um (..) girl (.) um (.) boy is chasing girl ret 
Boy washing girl boy is (..) is uh um (..) is uh uh (.) um (.) washing (.) uh (.) wash girl in the tub syn/ret 
 
P12 Tri Boy kissing girl the boy is kissing the girl none 
Girl chasing boy the boy is chasing the boy … er sorry did i say that wrong? the girl is chasing the boy syn 
Boy pushing girl the girl is (.) s- swinging the girl syn/fs/pau 
Girl pulling boy the girl is pulling the boy none 
 
P14 Op Girl chasing boy um (..) girl is chasing (.) boy pau 
Boy pushing girl (…) boy is effective um (..) sorry ha, boy is pushing the girl's swing sem/pau 
Girl pulling boy (..) um boy (.) has (..) turned um (.) trailer sem/pau 
Boy pulling girl (…) boy (.) i- is chase of girl in th- um (..) trailer syn/per/fs/pau 
Boy washing girl (…) boy has (.) enough um (…) boy… sem/ret 

Op = pars opercularis; Tri = pars triangularis; Orb = pars orbitalis; syn = syntactic error (utterances in bold typeface); sem = semantic paraphasia; phon = phonemic paraphasia; per = perseveration; pau = pause; ret = retracing; fs = false start; aban = abandoned utterance; arr = speech arrest.

a

Trials from the second surgery.

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