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Table 1 

Argument identification rules for English.

1. Discard a candidate if it is a coordinating conjunction or punctuation. 
2. Discard a candidate if the path of relations from predicate to candidate ends with coordination, subordination, etc. (see Appendix A for the full list of relations). 
3. Keep a candidate if it is the closest subject (governed by the subject-relation) to the left of a predicate and the relations from predicate p to the governor g of the candidate are all upward-leading (directed as gp). 
4. Discard a candidate if the path between the predicate and the candidate, excluding the last relation, contains a subject relation, adjectival modifier relation, etc. (see Appendix A for the full list of relations). 
5. Discard a candidate if it is an auxiliary verb. 
6. Keep a candidate if it is directly connected to the predicate. 
7. Keep a candidate if the path from predicate to candidate leads along several verbal nodes (verb chain) and ends with an arbitrary relation. 
8. Discard all remaining candidates. 
1. Discard a candidate if it is a coordinating conjunction or punctuation. 
2. Discard a candidate if the path of relations from predicate to candidate ends with coordination, subordination, etc. (see Appendix A for the full list of relations). 
3. Keep a candidate if it is the closest subject (governed by the subject-relation) to the left of a predicate and the relations from predicate p to the governor g of the candidate are all upward-leading (directed as gp). 
4. Discard a candidate if the path between the predicate and the candidate, excluding the last relation, contains a subject relation, adjectival modifier relation, etc. (see Appendix A for the full list of relations). 
5. Discard a candidate if it is an auxiliary verb. 
6. Keep a candidate if it is directly connected to the predicate. 
7. Keep a candidate if the path from predicate to candidate leads along several verbal nodes (verb chain) and ends with an arbitrary relation. 
8. Discard all remaining candidates. 
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