Table 20

Example of a failure to recognize relatedness or equivalence of words.

Semantic Cluster Matching
Question Which is an example of water condensing? (GR:4)
Focus Word(s) (NN_condensing, 0.92) (NN_water, 0.08)
Issue Requires connecting condensing in the question with condensation in the correct answer justification, based on their high degree of semantic relatedness.

Correct Answer Dew forming on plants during a cold night
Focus Word(s) (JJ_cold, 0.68) (NN_dew, 0.16) (NN_night, 0.11) (NN_plant, 0.05)
Justification Clouds, dew, water droplets on the outside of a glass on a hot day, are all caused by condensation. (Virginia Flash Cards)
Think back to a hot summer day, when you poured yourself a glass of cold water and took it outside. (Barrons SG)

Chosen Answer A puddle disappearing on a hot summer afternoon
Focus Word(s) (NN_summer, 0.41) (NN_afternoon, 0.41) (JJ_hot, 0.09) (VB_disappear, 0.06) (NN_puddle, 0.03)
Justification After a few hours or days those puddles disappear. (Barrons SG)
Think back to a hot summer day, when you poured yourself a glass of cold water and took it outside. (Barrons SG)
Semantic Cluster Matching
Question Which is an example of water condensing? (GR:4)
Focus Word(s) (NN_condensing, 0.92) (NN_water, 0.08)
Issue Requires connecting condensing in the question with condensation in the correct answer justification, based on their high degree of semantic relatedness.

Correct Answer Dew forming on plants during a cold night
Focus Word(s) (JJ_cold, 0.68) (NN_dew, 0.16) (NN_night, 0.11) (NN_plant, 0.05)
Justification Clouds, dew, water droplets on the outside of a glass on a hot day, are all caused by condensation. (Virginia Flash Cards)
Think back to a hot summer day, when you poured yourself a glass of cold water and took it outside. (Barrons SG)

Chosen Answer A puddle disappearing on a hot summer afternoon
Focus Word(s) (NN_summer, 0.41) (NN_afternoon, 0.41) (JJ_hot, 0.09) (VB_disappear, 0.06) (NN_puddle, 0.03)
Justification After a few hours or days those puddles disappear. (Barrons SG)
Think back to a hot summer day, when you poured yourself a glass of cold water and took it outside. (Barrons SG)
Close Modal