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Table 2 

Up to the five most significant cue words identified for TIBs 1–6 in the CCC and in DementiaBank. All selected features have p < 0.005 after Bonferonni correction.

TIBCCCDementiaBank
1. Neutral or non-specific request for repetition (local) huh, pardon, what hm, mention, pardon, really, anything 
2. Request for confirmation – repetition with reduction N/A did, mhm, mention, hear, say 
3. Request for confirmation – complete repetition N/A really, good 
4. Request for confirmation – repetition with elaboration said missed, again, bad, why, huh 
5. Request for specific information ummm, what no, talk, did, wanted, nope 
6. Request for more information why, what describe, am, matter, detail, more 
7. Corrections ohhh, no no 
8. Lack of uptake/ lack of continuation umm please, yes, uhhuh, what 
9. Hypothesis formation uhoh, uhm, remember, yes use, watch, my, suppose, find 
10. Metalinguistic comment remember, know, forget, unbelievable, disappointing mentioned, know, what, must, can't 
11. Reprise/minimal dysfluency uh, the, um, but, because k, hmm, uhhuh 
12. Request for repetition – global N/A N/A 
TIBCCCDementiaBank
1. Neutral or non-specific request for repetition (local) huh, pardon, what hm, mention, pardon, really, anything 
2. Request for confirmation – repetition with reduction N/A did, mhm, mention, hear, say 
3. Request for confirmation – complete repetition N/A really, good 
4. Request for confirmation – repetition with elaboration said missed, again, bad, why, huh 
5. Request for specific information ummm, what no, talk, did, wanted, nope 
6. Request for more information why, what describe, am, matter, detail, more 
7. Corrections ohhh, no no 
8. Lack of uptake/ lack of continuation umm please, yes, uhhuh, what 
9. Hypothesis formation uhoh, uhm, remember, yes use, watch, my, suppose, find 
10. Metalinguistic comment remember, know, forget, unbelievable, disappointing mentioned, know, what, must, can't 
11. Reprise/minimal dysfluency uh, the, um, but, because k, hmm, uhhuh 
12. Request for repetition – global N/A N/A 
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