Table 1

Average Water Consumption for Producing Food Products

Food productWater consumption (gal/lb)
Rice 356
Wheat 160
Corn 109
Soybeans 214
Sugar cane 21
Eggs 400
Milk 119
Cheese 589
Beef 1857
Pork 582
Sheep 736
Chicken 469
Food productWater consumption (gal/lb)
Rice 356
Wheat 160
Corn 109
Soybeans 214
Sugar cane 21
Eggs 400
Milk 119
Cheese 589
Beef 1857
Pork 582
Sheep 736
Chicken 469

Average consumption incorporates often substantial regional differences due to climate and management. Source: Arjen Y. Hoekstra and Ashok K. Chapagain, “Water Footprints of Nations: Water Use by People as a Function of Their Consumption Pattern,” Water Resources Management 21 (2007): 35–48.

Close Modal