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Table 1

Academy Scientists Asked for Scientific or Engineering Advice, Requests by Discipline

Q: What is your field of scientific or engineering expertise?
Q: Has a party, attorney, or judge ever asked for your expert scientific or engineering advice?
Ever asked for advice
Fields of expertiseYes % (N)No % (N)Total % (N)
Biological and cognitive sciences 50.5% (46) 49.5% (45) 100% (91) 
Medical sciences 61.1% (11) 38.9% (7) 100% (18) 
Astronomy, physics, and earth sciences 17.8% (8) 82.2% (37) 100% (45) 
Chemistry 81.0% (17) 19.0% (4) 100% (21) 
Mathematics and statistics 36.0% (9) 64.0% (16) 100% (25) 
Social sciences except economics 71.8% (28) 28.2% (11) 100% (39) 
Economics 86.7% (13) 13.3% (2) 100% (15) 
Social and developmental psychology and education 57.1% (12) 42.9% (9) 100% (21) 
Engineering, computer sciences, and information technologies 80.0% (20) 20.0% (5) 100% (25) 
Law, including the practice of law 35.0% (7) 65.0% (13) 100% (20) 
Total 53.4% (171) 46.6% (149) 100% (320) 
Q: What is your field of scientific or engineering expertise?
Q: Has a party, attorney, or judge ever asked for your expert scientific or engineering advice?
Ever asked for advice
Fields of expertiseYes % (N)No % (N)Total % (N)
Biological and cognitive sciences 50.5% (46) 49.5% (45) 100% (91) 
Medical sciences 61.1% (11) 38.9% (7) 100% (18) 
Astronomy, physics, and earth sciences 17.8% (8) 82.2% (37) 100% (45) 
Chemistry 81.0% (17) 19.0% (4) 100% (21) 
Mathematics and statistics 36.0% (9) 64.0% (16) 100% (25) 
Social sciences except economics 71.8% (28) 28.2% (11) 100% (39) 
Economics 86.7% (13) 13.3% (2) 100% (15) 
Social and developmental psychology and education 57.1% (12) 42.9% (9) 100% (21) 
Engineering, computer sciences, and information technologies 80.0% (20) 20.0% (5) 100% (25) 
Law, including the practice of law 35.0% (7) 65.0% (13) 100% (20) 
Total 53.4% (171) 46.6% (149) 100% (320) 
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