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Table 2

“To Be Truly [National Identity], How Important Is It to Be a [Religion]?”

CountryPercent Saying “Very Important” or “Fairly Important”
1995200320132016
Australia 31.5 36.9  29.0 
Austria 54.2 53.1   
Bulgaria 71.1 76.2   
Canada 24.5 54.0  34.0 
Czech Republic 22.2 29.3 28.6  
Denmark  33.2 23.9  
Finland  23.0 21.0  
France  17.5 18.5 23.0 
East Germany 21.7 13.3 13.3  
West Germany 33.8 37.1 29.4  
Hungary 35.9 43.2 46.5 66.0 
Ireland 54.4 57.8 31.4  
Israel (Arabs)  23.7 5.8  
Israel (Jews)  84.1 69.0  
Japan 26.5 25.4 20.9  
Latvia 35.4 22.5 25.1  
The Netherlands 7.3 13.1  24.0 
New Zealand 30.2 37.4   
Norway 21.4 20.3 20.2  
Philippines 82.9 84.4 85.9  
Poland 52.7 74.8  71.0 
Portugal  65.6 36.3  
Russia 39.7 58.3 73.6  
Slovakia 27.0 49.7 54.1  
Slovenia 33.8 32.5 22.8  
South Korea  41.0 46.3  
Spain 46.7 44.0 33.9 19.0 
Sweden 17.4 17.2 10.4 17.0 
Switzerland  39.3 30.7  
Taiwan  26.1 19.8  
United Kingdom 35.5 34.8 31.1 37.0 
United States 53.7 65.8 45.8 51.0 
Average across Countries 36.8 39.7 35.8 37.1 
CountryPercent Saying “Very Important” or “Fairly Important”
1995200320132016
Australia 31.5 36.9  29.0 
Austria 54.2 53.1   
Bulgaria 71.1 76.2   
Canada 24.5 54.0  34.0 
Czech Republic 22.2 29.3 28.6  
Denmark  33.2 23.9  
Finland  23.0 21.0  
France  17.5 18.5 23.0 
East Germany 21.7 13.3 13.3  
West Germany 33.8 37.1 29.4  
Hungary 35.9 43.2 46.5 66.0 
Ireland 54.4 57.8 31.4  
Israel (Arabs)  23.7 5.8  
Israel (Jews)  84.1 69.0  
Japan 26.5 25.4 20.9  
Latvia 35.4 22.5 25.1  
The Netherlands 7.3 13.1  24.0 
New Zealand 30.2 37.4   
Norway 21.4 20.3 20.2  
Philippines 82.9 84.4 85.9  
Poland 52.7 74.8  71.0 
Portugal  65.6 36.3  
Russia 39.7 58.3 73.6  
Slovakia 27.0 49.7 54.1  
Slovenia 33.8 32.5 22.8  
South Korea  41.0 46.3  
Spain 46.7 44.0 33.9 19.0 
Sweden 17.4 17.2 10.4 17.0 
Switzerland  39.3 30.7  
Taiwan  26.1 19.8  
United Kingdom 35.5 34.8 31.1 37.0 
United States 53.7 65.8 45.8 51.0 
Average across Countries 36.8 39.7 35.8 37.1 

Note: The 2016 Pew Research data are for respondents reporting “very important” or “somewhat important.” For 1995, 2003, and 2013, the average includes data for the sixteen countries with data for each wave. Source: International Social Survey Programme, ISSP 1995–National Identity I, za2880 (Köln: gesis, Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, 1995); International Social Survey Programme, ISSP 2003–National Identity II, za3910 (Köln: gesis, Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, 2003); International Social Survey Programme, ISSP 2013–National Identity III, za5950 (Köln: gesis, Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, 2013); and Bruce Stokes, “What It Takes to Truly Be ‘One of Us'” (Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, 2017).

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