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Table 1

State Policies and Women's Economic Position in 2009 by Race (Employed)

WhiteLatinaBlack
Age 0.0172*** (0.000918) 0.0129*** (0.00219) 0.0187*** (0.00220) 
Married 0.457*** (0.0266) 0.385*** (0.0577) 0.498*** (0.0603) 
Number of Children 0.0762*** (0.0112) −0.106*** (0.0229) −0.0312 (0.0239) 
Disability −0.683*** (0.0610) −0.564*** (0.162) −0.806*** (0.141) 
Citizen 0.373*** (0.0966) 1.021*** (0.0605) 0.442*** (0.121) 
State Poverty Rate −0.00265 (0.00835) −0.0108 (0.0213) −0.0296** (0.0139) 
State General Expenditures 0.00000 (0.00000) −0.00000 (0.00000) −0.00000 (0.00000) 
TANF 0.00530 (0.0295) −0.0224 (0.0780) 0.00886 (0.0545) 
SNAP 0.0385* (0.0232) 0.0276 (0.0645) 0.00581 (0.0538) 
WIC 0.0275 (0.111) −0.323 (0.268) 0.121 (0.139) 
Public Health Insurance 0.0274 (0.200) 0.430 (0.465) 0.187 (0.265) 
EITC 0.791*** (0.253) 0.428 (0.738) 0.849* (0.476) 
Minimum Wage 0.0855* (0.0498) −0.0845 (0.132) −0.104 (0.0982) 
Prevailing Wage −0.0674 (0.0502) −0.0562 (0.142) −0.0185 (0.0860) 
Disability Insurance 0.0155 (0.117) −0.00243 (0.296) −0.233 (0.199) 
Unemployment Compensation 0.000019 (0.000339) 0.000149 (0.000948) −0.000192 (0.000546) 
Level 1 N (Individual) 29,728 6,243 5,168 
Level 2 N (State) 50 50 50 
WhiteLatinaBlack
Age 0.0172*** (0.000918) 0.0129*** (0.00219) 0.0187*** (0.00220) 
Married 0.457*** (0.0266) 0.385*** (0.0577) 0.498*** (0.0603) 
Number of Children 0.0762*** (0.0112) −0.106*** (0.0229) −0.0312 (0.0239) 
Disability −0.683*** (0.0610) −0.564*** (0.162) −0.806*** (0.141) 
Citizen 0.373*** (0.0966) 1.021*** (0.0605) 0.442*** (0.121) 
State Poverty Rate −0.00265 (0.00835) −0.0108 (0.0213) −0.0296** (0.0139) 
State General Expenditures 0.00000 (0.00000) −0.00000 (0.00000) −0.00000 (0.00000) 
TANF 0.00530 (0.0295) −0.0224 (0.0780) 0.00886 (0.0545) 
SNAP 0.0385* (0.0232) 0.0276 (0.0645) 0.00581 (0.0538) 
WIC 0.0275 (0.111) −0.323 (0.268) 0.121 (0.139) 
Public Health Insurance 0.0274 (0.200) 0.430 (0.465) 0.187 (0.265) 
EITC 0.791*** (0.253) 0.428 (0.738) 0.849* (0.476) 
Minimum Wage 0.0855* (0.0498) −0.0845 (0.132) −0.104 (0.0982) 
Prevailing Wage −0.0674 (0.0502) −0.0562 (0.142) −0.0185 (0.0860) 
Disability Insurance 0.0155 (0.117) −0.00243 (0.296) −0.233 (0.199) 
Unemployment Compensation 0.000019 (0.000339) 0.000149 (0.000948) −0.000192 (0.000546) 
Level 1 N (Individual) 29,728 6,243 5,168 
Level 2 N (State) 50 50 50 

Note: Standard errors in parenthesis.

***

p<0.01,

**

p<0.05,

*

p<0.1.

Source: United States Census Bureau, Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement, available through ipums (Integrated Public-Use Microdata Series) and cps (Current Population Survey), https://ipums.org.

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