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Table 1.

2015 Replication of the Roper/Fortune 1945 Poll

Polling in the United States on the Use of Atomic Bombs on Japan 
Polling Question: “Which of these comes closest to describing how you feel about our use of the atomic bomb?” Elmo Roper “Atomic Bomb” Poll (November 30, 1945) Roper 1945 Poll Replication (July 30, 2015) 
“We should not have used any atomic bombs at all.” 4.5% 14.4% 
“We should have dropped one first on some unpopulated region, to show the Japanese its [atomic bombs'] power, and dropped the second one on a city only if they hadn't surrendered after the first one.” 13.8% 31.6% 
“We should have used the two bombs on cities, just as we did.” 53.5% 28.5% 
“We should have quickly used many more of them before Japan had a chance to surrender.” 22.7% 2.9% 
“Don't know.” 5.5% 22.7% 
Polling in the United States on the Use of Atomic Bombs on Japan 
Polling Question: “Which of these comes closest to describing how you feel about our use of the atomic bomb?” Elmo Roper “Atomic Bomb” Poll (November 30, 1945) Roper 1945 Poll Replication (July 30, 2015) 
“We should not have used any atomic bombs at all.” 4.5% 14.4% 
“We should have dropped one first on some unpopulated region, to show the Japanese its [atomic bombs'] power, and dropped the second one on a city only if they hadn't surrendered after the first one.” 13.8% 31.6% 
“We should have used the two bombs on cities, just as we did.” 53.5% 28.5% 
“We should have quickly used many more of them before Japan had a chance to surrender.” 22.7% 2.9% 
“Don't know.” 5.5% 22.7% 

sources: “The Fortune Survey,” Fortune, November 30, 1945, reprinted in “The Quarter's Poll,” Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 4 (Winter, 1945/46), p. 530; and “Japan 1945 Poll Replication” (Redwood City, Calif.: YouGov, July 30, 2015).

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