Skip to Main Content
Table 3.

Internal Economic Type, Capability, and Foreign Policy Alignment with the Contractualist Hegemony1

Model 1 Contractualist Economy, 1946–2010Model 2 Exports of Goods and Services, 1960–2012
Agreement with the United States β T Agreement with the United States β T 
ContractualistCapability2 0.53 1.29 ExporterCapability2 0.42 0.77 
Contractualist3 0.96 7.15∗∗∗ Exporter3 0.46 3.92∗∗∗ 
Capability4 −0.08 −3.86∗∗∗ Capability4 −0.12 −1.83 
Intercept 0.13 2.80∗∗∗ Intercept −0.02 −0.47 
R-square: 0.08   R-square: 0.08   
N = 7,017   N = 5,243   
Model 1 Contractualist Economy, 1946–2010Model 2 Exports of Goods and Services, 1960–2012
Agreement with the United States β T Agreement with the United States β T 
ContractualistCapability2 0.53 1.29 ExporterCapability2 0.42 0.77 
Contractualist3 0.96 7.15∗∗∗ Exporter3 0.46 3.92∗∗∗ 
Capability4 −0.08 −3.86∗∗∗ Capability4 −0.12 −1.83 
Intercept 0.13 2.80∗∗∗ Intercept −0.02 −0.47 
R-square: 0.08   R-square: 0.08   
N = 7,017   N = 5,243   
1

See notes 1 and 2 in table 2.

2

Interaction term. T-value represents the significance of capability when the other constituent term (contractualist in model 1 or exporter in model 2) equals 1, calculated as (b1 + b3 (e)) / SQRT (variance(b 1) + e2∗variance(b3) + 2∗e∗covariance(b1b3)), where b1 and b2 are the constituent terms, b3 is the interactive term, and e represents a particular value of b2. See Robert J. Friedrich, “In Defense of Multiplicative Terms in Multiple Regression Equations,” American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 26 (1982), pp. 797–833, doi.org/10.2307/2110973. Capability is a state's percentage share of global capability as identified by the Correlates of War National Material Capabilities index, standardized by subtracting from its median value and dividing the resultant by the standard deviation of the uncentered variable. See J. David Singer, Stuart A. Bremer, and John Stuckey, “Capability Distribution, Uncertainty, and Major Power War, 1820–1965,” in Bruce Russett, ed., Peace, War, and Numbers (Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage, 1972).

3

Standard error is conditional with capability having a value of 0, its median.

4

Standard error is conditional with the binary measures contractualist (model 1) or exporter (model 2) having values of 0, meaning having a status (model 1) or an insular (model 2) economy.

∗∗∗

p < 0.01, two-tailed tests.

∗∗

p < 0.05, two-tailed tests.

p < 0.10, two-tailed tests.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal