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Table 1.

China's Official Assessments of Geopolitical Costs

MFA Annual China's Foreign Affairs Assessments of the International SituationMFA Annual China's Foreign Affairs Assessments on the United StatesU.S. National Security Strategy
1990s (low) Assessments mainly used wording such as “rapid,” “quick,” and “unstoppable” to describe what it perceived to be the progress of multipolarity. Highlighted U.S. withdrawal from the Subic Bay; reduction of troops in Asia; Europe as U.S. priority European stability is vital to U.S. security. East Asia became of growing significance for U.S. security and prosperity 
Post-2000 period (high) Decreased number of mentions of multipolarity; wording such as “in obstacle” Increased U.S. efforts in Asia, especially since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001; Philippines and Thailand as “major non-NATO allies” 2001 was the first time East Asia was named a vital U.S. interest. 
MFA Annual China's Foreign Affairs Assessments of the International SituationMFA Annual China's Foreign Affairs Assessments on the United StatesU.S. National Security Strategy
1990s (low) Assessments mainly used wording such as “rapid,” “quick,” and “unstoppable” to describe what it perceived to be the progress of multipolarity. Highlighted U.S. withdrawal from the Subic Bay; reduction of troops in Asia; Europe as U.S. priority European stability is vital to U.S. security. East Asia became of growing significance for U.S. security and prosperity 
Post-2000 period (high) Decreased number of mentions of multipolarity; wording such as “in obstacle” Increased U.S. efforts in Asia, especially since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001; Philippines and Thailand as “major non-NATO allies” 2001 was the first time East Asia was named a vital U.S. interest. 

MFA stands for Ministry of Foreign Affairs. China's Foreign Affairs is published annually by the MFA.

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