We find that rural migrant workers tend to work longer hours than their urban counterparts. In Table 5, we examine the difference in average weekly working hours between rural migrant and urban workers. When we only control for province fixed effects in column 1, we find that rural migrant workers typically work 9.9% more hours than urban workers on a weekly basis (significant at the 1% level). After adding controls for gender, age, and years of schooling, we find in column 4 that the estimated coefficient decreases, which suggests that rural migrant workers typically work 5.6% more hours per week than urban workers (significant at the 1% level).

Table 5.

. | Weekly Working Hours in Logarithm
. | |||
---|---|---|---|---|

. | (1) . | (2) . | (3) . | (4) . |

Rural migrant | 0.099^{***} | 0.100^{***} | 0.102^{***} | 0.056^{***} |

(0.005) | (0.005) | (0.005) | (0.006) | |

Male | 0.022^{***} | 0.020^{***} | 0.034^{***} | |

(0.005) | (0.005) | (0.005) | ||

Age | −0.002 | −0.004^{**} | ||

(0.002) | (0.002) | |||

Age squared | 0.000 | 0.000 | ||

(0.000) | (0.000) | |||

Years of schooling | −0.018^{***} | |||

(0.001) | ||||

Hubei | −0.010^{**} | −0.011^{**} | −0.014^{***} | −0.006 |

(0.005) | (0.005) | (0.005) | (0.005) | |

R-squared | 0.048 | 0.051 | 0.052 | 0.091 |

Number of observations | 7,799 | 7,799 | 7,799 | 7,799 |

. | Weekly Working Hours in Logarithm
. | |||
---|---|---|---|---|

. | (1) . | (2) . | (3) . | (4) . |

Rural migrant | 0.099^{***} | 0.100^{***} | 0.102^{***} | 0.056^{***} |

(0.005) | (0.005) | (0.005) | (0.006) | |

Male | 0.022^{***} | 0.020^{***} | 0.034^{***} | |

(0.005) | (0.005) | (0.005) | ||

Age | −0.002 | −0.004^{**} | ||

(0.002) | (0.002) | |||

Age squared | 0.000 | 0.000 | ||

(0.000) | (0.000) | |||

Years of schooling | −0.018^{***} | |||

(0.001) | ||||

Hubei | −0.010^{**} | −0.011^{**} | −0.014^{***} | −0.006 |

(0.005) | (0.005) | (0.005) | (0.005) | |

R-squared | 0.048 | 0.051 | 0.052 | 0.091 |

Number of observations | 7,799 | 7,799 | 7,799 | 7,799 |

Notes: Robust standard errors in parentheses. ^{***}p
< 0.01, ^{**}p < 0.05, ^{*}p <
0.1. Rural migrant workers are those who work in manufacturing (nonagriculture sector) and
have a rural *hukou*. Hubei is a dummy variable where 1 denotes Hubei
province and 0 denotes Guangdong province.

Source: Authors’ calculations.

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