We find that rural migrant workers tend to work longer hours than their urban counterparts. In Table 5, we examine the difference in average weekly working hours between rural migrant and urban workers. When we only control for province fixed effects in column 1, we find that rural migrant workers typically work 9.9% more hours than urban workers on a weekly basis (significant at the 1% level). After adding controls for gender, age, and years of schooling, we find in column 4 that the estimated coefficient decreases, which suggests that rural migrant workers typically work 5.6% more hours per week than urban workers (significant at the 1% level).

Table 5.
Weekly Working Hours Differential between Rural Migrant and Urban Workers
Weekly Working Hours in Logarithm
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Rural migrant 0.099*** 0.100*** 0.102*** 0.056***
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.006)
Male  0.022*** 0.020*** 0.034***
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Age   −0.002 −0.004**
(0.002) (0.002)
Age squared   0.000 0.000
(0.000) (0.000)
Years of schooling    −0.018***
(0.001)
Hubei −0.010** −0.011** −0.014*** −0.006
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
R-squared 0.048 0.051 0.052 0.091
Number of observations 7,799 7,799 7,799 7,799
Weekly Working Hours in Logarithm
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Rural migrant 0.099*** 0.100*** 0.102*** 0.056***
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.006)
Male  0.022*** 0.020*** 0.034***
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Age   −0.002 −0.004**
(0.002) (0.002)
Age squared   0.000 0.000
(0.000) (0.000)
Years of schooling    −0.018***
(0.001)
Hubei −0.010** −0.011** −0.014*** −0.006
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
R-squared 0.048 0.051 0.052 0.091
Number of observations 7,799 7,799 7,799 7,799

Notes: Robust standard errors in parentheses. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1. Rural migrant workers are those who work in manufacturing (nonagriculture sector) and have a rural hukou. Hubei is a dummy variable where 1 denotes Hubei province and 0 denotes Guangdong province.

Source: Authors’ calculations.

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