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GDP at current prices grew sixfold from $40 billion in 1990 to $244.4 billion in 2014. During the same period, GDP per capita has increased from $371.6 to $1,317 (Table 1). The population of Pakistan increased from 107.7 million in 1990 to 185.5 million in 2014 with an annual growth rate of over 2.1%. Data show the gradual urbanization of Pakistan: the urban population gradually increased from 30.6% in 1990 to 38.3% in 2014, while the rural population declined from 69.4% to 61.7%. During the last 2.5 decades, energy use (kilograms of oil equivalent per capita) increased by only 22%, while electric power consumption (kilowatt-hours per capita) increased by about 70%. The percentage of urban population with access to electricity increased significantly from 94.4% in 1995 to 100% in 2014, while the percentage of the rural population with access to electricity increased from 54.4% to 95.6%. The percentage of the population with access to clean cooking fuels and technologies rose from 23.8% in 2000 to 44.8% in 2014.

Table 1. 
Electricity Access Rate
Indicator199019952000200520102014
 Economy 
GDP (current $ million) 40.0 60.6 74.0 109.5 177.4 244.4 
GDP per capita (current $) 371.6 493.7 533.9 711.5 1,040.1 1,317.0 
GDP growth (annual %) 4.5 5.0 4.3 7.7 1.6 4.7 
 Population 
Total population (million) 107.7 122.8 138.5 153.9 170.6 185.5 
Urban population (% of total) 30.6 31.8 33.2 34.7 36.6 38.3 
Rural population (% of total) 69.4 68.2 66.8 65.3 63.4 61.7 
Population growth (annual %) 2.9 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 
Urban population growth (annual %) 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.3 
Rural population growth (annual %) 2.6 2.2 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.4 
 Energy use 
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 398.4 435.9 462.5 497.1 498.5 484.4 
Electric power consumption (kilowatt-hours per capita) 277.4 357.9 372.4 463.1 465.2 471.0 
 Access to electricity 
Access to electricity (% of population) 58.7 67.1 75.2 83.9 91.0 97.5 
Access to electricity, urban (% of urban population) … 94.4 95.5 96.4 98.6 100.0 
Access to electricity, rural (% of rural population) 43.3 54.4 65.1 74.3 86.6 95.6 
Access to clean fuels and equipment for cooking (% of population) … … 23.8 31.5 38.9 44.8 
Indicator199019952000200520102014
 Economy 
GDP (current $ million) 40.0 60.6 74.0 109.5 177.4 244.4 
GDP per capita (current $) 371.6 493.7 533.9 711.5 1,040.1 1,317.0 
GDP growth (annual %) 4.5 5.0 4.3 7.7 1.6 4.7 
 Population 
Total population (million) 107.7 122.8 138.5 153.9 170.6 185.5 
Urban population (% of total) 30.6 31.8 33.2 34.7 36.6 38.3 
Rural population (% of total) 69.4 68.2 66.8 65.3 63.4 61.7 
Population growth (annual %) 2.9 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 
Urban population growth (annual %) 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.3 
Rural population growth (annual %) 2.6 2.2 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.4 
 Energy use 
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent) 398.4 435.9 462.5 497.1 498.5 484.4 
Electric power consumption (kilowatt-hours per capita) 277.4 357.9 372.4 463.1 465.2 471.0 
 Access to electricity 
Access to electricity (% of population) 58.7 67.1 75.2 83.9 91.0 97.5 
Access to electricity, urban (% of urban population) … 94.4 95.5 96.4 98.6 100.0 
Access to electricity, rural (% of rural population) 43.3 54.4 65.1 74.3 86.6 95.6 
Access to clean fuels and equipment for cooking (% of population) … … 23.8 31.5 38.9 44.8 

GDP = gross domestic product.

Sources: United Nations. http://data.un.org; World Bank. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator (both accessed June 2018).

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