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Table 5. 
Long Difference Regression (I)
A. Panel results
Growth rate of(1) County-Level GDP per Capita(2) Value Added of Primary Industry(3) Value Added of Secondary Industry(4) Value Added of Tertiary Industry
Average temperature −0.0122*** −0.0253*** −0.0110* −0.0034 
 (0.0039) (0.0051) (0.0061) (0.0047) 
Average precipitation −0.0054** −0.0091*** −0.0027 −0.0049 
 (0.0024) (0.0027) (0.0038) (0.0033) 
Observations 25,318 25,760 25,711 24,796 
R-squared 0.0801 0.0673 0.0679 0.0505 
B. Long difference regression     
Change in growth rate of (1) County-Level GDP per Capita (2) Value Added of Primary Industry (3) Value Added of Secondary Industry (4) Value Added of Tertiary Industry 
Average temperature change −0.0617*** −0.0629*** −0.1102** −0.0642** 
 (0.0165) (0.0184) (0.0506) (0.0321) 
Average precipitation change −0.0388*** 0.0092 −0.0693*** −0.0347** 
 (0.0103) (0.0111) (0.0232) (0.0161) 
Early period 1996–1999 1996–1999 1996–1999 1996–1999 
Late period 2009–2012 2009–2012 2009–2012 2009–2012 
Observations 1,652 1,600 1,574 1,573 
R-squared 0.0314 0.0331 0.0262 0.0226 
A. Panel results
Growth rate of(1) County-Level GDP per Capita(2) Value Added of Primary Industry(3) Value Added of Secondary Industry(4) Value Added of Tertiary Industry
Average temperature −0.0122*** −0.0253*** −0.0110* −0.0034 
 (0.0039) (0.0051) (0.0061) (0.0047) 
Average precipitation −0.0054** −0.0091*** −0.0027 −0.0049 
 (0.0024) (0.0027) (0.0038) (0.0033) 
Observations 25,318 25,760 25,711 24,796 
R-squared 0.0801 0.0673 0.0679 0.0505 
B. Long difference regression     
Change in growth rate of (1) County-Level GDP per Capita (2) Value Added of Primary Industry (3) Value Added of Secondary Industry (4) Value Added of Tertiary Industry 
Average temperature change −0.0617*** −0.0629*** −0.1102** −0.0642** 
 (0.0165) (0.0184) (0.0506) (0.0321) 
Average precipitation change −0.0388*** 0.0092 −0.0693*** −0.0347** 
 (0.0103) (0.0111) (0.0232) (0.0161) 
Early period 1996–1999 1996–1999 1996–1999 1996–1999 
Late period 2009–2012 2009–2012 2009–2012 2009–2012 
Observations 1,652 1,600 1,574 1,573 
R-squared 0.0314 0.0331 0.0262 0.0226 

GDP = gross domestic product.

Notes: Other weather variables are controlled for in all columns. The robust standard errors are reported in parentheses. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, and ***p < 0.01.

Sources: Authors’ estimation based on weather data from the China Meteorological Data Sharing Service System and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and on economic data from the Support System for China Statistics Application.

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