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Table 1 
An overview of major publicly accessible databases of typological information. The databases are ordered by description level (and secondly by date of creation), along with their coverage. The table also provides feature examples: for each feature (in small capitals) we present two example languages with distinct feature values, and the total number of languages with each value in parenthesis (where applicable).
NameLevelsCoverageFeature Example
World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) Phonology, Morphosyntax, Lexical semantics 2,676 languages; 192 attributes; 17% values covered Order of Object and Verb Amele: OV (713) Gbaya Kara: VO (705) 
Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (APiCS) Phonology, Morphosyntax 76 languages; 335 attributes Tense–aspect systems Ternate Chabacano: purely aspectual (10) Afrikaans: purely temporal (1) 
URIEL Typological Compendium Phonology, Morphosyntax, Lexical semantics 8,070 languages; 284 attributes; ∼439,000 values Case is prefix Berber (Middle Atlas): yes (38) Hawaaian: no (993) 
Syntactic Structures of the World’s Languages (SSWL) Morphosyntax 262 languages; 148 attributes; 45% values covered Standard negation is suffix Amharic: yes (21) Laal: no (170) 
AUTOTYP Morphosyntax 825 languages; ∼1,000 attributes Presence of clusivity !Kung (Ju): false Ik (Kuliak): true 
Valency Patterns Leipzig (ValPaL) Predicate–argument structures 36 languages; 80 attributes; 1,156 values to laugh Mandinka: 1 > V Sliammon: V.sbj[1] 1 
Lyon–Albuquerque Phonological Systems Database (LAPSyD) Phonology 422 languages; ∼70 attributes ɗ and ʈ Sindhi: yes (1) Chuvash: no (421) 
PHOIBLE Online Phonology 2,155 languages; 2,160 attributes m Vietnamese: yes (2053) Pirahã: no (102) 
StressTyp2 Phonology 699 languages; 927 attributes stress on first syllable Koromfé: yes (183) Cubeo: no (516) 
World Loanword Database (WOLD) Lexical semantics 41 languages; 24 attributes; ∼2,000 values horse Quechua: kaballu borrowed (24) Sakha: sɨlgɨ no evidence (18) 
Intercontinental Dictionary Series (IDS) Lexical semantics 329 languages; 1,310 attributes world Russian: mir Tocharian A: ārkiśosṣi 
Automated Similarity Judgment Program (ASJP) Lexical semantics 7,221 languages; 40 attributes I Ainu Maoka: co7okay Japanese: watashi 
NameLevelsCoverageFeature Example
World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) Phonology, Morphosyntax, Lexical semantics 2,676 languages; 192 attributes; 17% values covered Order of Object and Verb Amele: OV (713) Gbaya Kara: VO (705) 
Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (APiCS) Phonology, Morphosyntax 76 languages; 335 attributes Tense–aspect systems Ternate Chabacano: purely aspectual (10) Afrikaans: purely temporal (1) 
URIEL Typological Compendium Phonology, Morphosyntax, Lexical semantics 8,070 languages; 284 attributes; ∼439,000 values Case is prefix Berber (Middle Atlas): yes (38) Hawaaian: no (993) 
Syntactic Structures of the World’s Languages (SSWL) Morphosyntax 262 languages; 148 attributes; 45% values covered Standard negation is suffix Amharic: yes (21) Laal: no (170) 
AUTOTYP Morphosyntax 825 languages; ∼1,000 attributes Presence of clusivity !Kung (Ju): false Ik (Kuliak): true 
Valency Patterns Leipzig (ValPaL) Predicate–argument structures 36 languages; 80 attributes; 1,156 values to laugh Mandinka: 1 > V Sliammon: V.sbj[1] 1 
Lyon–Albuquerque Phonological Systems Database (LAPSyD) Phonology 422 languages; ∼70 attributes ɗ and ʈ Sindhi: yes (1) Chuvash: no (421) 
PHOIBLE Online Phonology 2,155 languages; 2,160 attributes m Vietnamese: yes (2053) Pirahã: no (102) 
StressTyp2 Phonology 699 languages; 927 attributes stress on first syllable Koromfé: yes (183) Cubeo: no (516) 
World Loanword Database (WOLD) Lexical semantics 41 languages; 24 attributes; ∼2,000 values horse Quechua: kaballu borrowed (24) Sakha: sɨlgɨ no evidence (18) 
Intercontinental Dictionary Series (IDS) Lexical semantics 329 languages; 1,310 attributes world Russian: mir Tocharian A: ārkiśosṣi 
Automated Similarity Judgment Program (ASJP) Lexical semantics 7,221 languages; 40 attributes I Ainu Maoka: co7okay Japanese: watashi 
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