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Table 2 
An overview of the strategies for prediction of typological features.
 AuthorDetailsRequirementsLanguagesFeatures
Morphosyntactic Annotation Liu (2010) Treebank count Treebank 20 word order 
Lewis and Xia (2008) IGT projection IGT, source chunker 97 word and morpheme order, determiners 
Bender et al. (2013) IGT projection IGT, source chunker 31 word order and case alignment 
Östling (2015) Treebank projection Parallel text, source tagger and parser 986 word order 
Zhang et al. (2016) PoS projection source tagger, seed dictionary word order 
  
Unsupervised Propagation Teh, Daumé III, and Roy (2007) Hierarchical typological cluster WALS 2,150 whole 
Georgi, Xia, and Lewis (2010) Majority value from k-means typological cluster WALS whole whole 
Coke, King, and Radev (2016) Majority value from genus Genealogy and WALS 325 word order and passive 
Littel, Mortensen, and Levin (2016) Family, area, and typology-based Nearest Neighbors Genealogy and WALS whole whole 
Berzak, Reichart, and Katz (2014) English as a Second Language–based Nearest Neighbors ESL texts 14 whole 
Malaviya, Neubig, and Littell (2017) Task-based language vector NMT data set 1,017 whole 
Bjerva and Augenstein (2018) Task-based language vector PoS tag data set 27,824 phonology, morphology, syntax 
  
Supervised Learning Takamura, Nagata, and Kawasaki (2016) Logistic regression WALS whole whole 
Murawaki (2017) Bayesian + feature and language interactions Genealogy and WALS 2,607 whole 
Wang and Eisner (2017) Feed-forward Neural Network WALS, tagger, synthetic treebanks 37 word order 
Cotterell and Eisner (2017) Determinant Point Process with neural features WALS 200 vowel inventory 
Daumé III and Campbell (2007) Implication universals Genealogy and WALS whole whole 
Lu (2013) Automatic discovery Genealogy and WALS 1,646 word order 
  
Cross-lingual distribution Wälchli and Cysouw (2012) Sentence edit distance Multi-parallel texts, pivot 100 motion verbs 
Asgari and Schütze (2017) Pivot alignment Multi-parallel texts, pivot 1,163 tense markers 
Roy et al. (2014) Correlations in counts and entropy None 23 adposition word order 
 AuthorDetailsRequirementsLanguagesFeatures
Morphosyntactic Annotation Liu (2010) Treebank count Treebank 20 word order 
Lewis and Xia (2008) IGT projection IGT, source chunker 97 word and morpheme order, determiners 
Bender et al. (2013) IGT projection IGT, source chunker 31 word order and case alignment 
Östling (2015) Treebank projection Parallel text, source tagger and parser 986 word order 
Zhang et al. (2016) PoS projection source tagger, seed dictionary word order 
  
Unsupervised Propagation Teh, Daumé III, and Roy (2007) Hierarchical typological cluster WALS 2,150 whole 
Georgi, Xia, and Lewis (2010) Majority value from k-means typological cluster WALS whole whole 
Coke, King, and Radev (2016) Majority value from genus Genealogy and WALS 325 word order and passive 
Littel, Mortensen, and Levin (2016) Family, area, and typology-based Nearest Neighbors Genealogy and WALS whole whole 
Berzak, Reichart, and Katz (2014) English as a Second Language–based Nearest Neighbors ESL texts 14 whole 
Malaviya, Neubig, and Littell (2017) Task-based language vector NMT data set 1,017 whole 
Bjerva and Augenstein (2018) Task-based language vector PoS tag data set 27,824 phonology, morphology, syntax 
  
Supervised Learning Takamura, Nagata, and Kawasaki (2016) Logistic regression WALS whole whole 
Murawaki (2017) Bayesian + feature and language interactions Genealogy and WALS 2,607 whole 
Wang and Eisner (2017) Feed-forward Neural Network WALS, tagger, synthetic treebanks 37 word order 
Cotterell and Eisner (2017) Determinant Point Process with neural features WALS 200 vowel inventory 
Daumé III and Campbell (2007) Implication universals Genealogy and WALS whole whole 
Lu (2013) Automatic discovery Genealogy and WALS 1,646 word order 
  
Cross-lingual distribution Wälchli and Cysouw (2012) Sentence edit distance Multi-parallel texts, pivot 100 motion verbs 
Asgari and Schütze (2017) Pivot alignment Multi-parallel texts, pivot 1,163 tense markers 
Roy et al. (2014) Correlations in counts and entropy None 23 adposition word order 
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