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Table 1 
Overview of the frameworks described in Sections 3.1 to 3.11.
FrameworkAssociated corpusAssociated lexical resourceUsed in NLP appsLanguages
Paninian framework (400 BC) HDTB, UDTB   MT hi, ur, bn, te 
Meaning-text theory (MTT; Zolkovskij and Mel’čuk 1965) SynTagRus, AnCora-UPF ECD MT ru, en, es, fr 
Functional Generative Description (FGD; Sgall 1967) PDT, PCEDT PDT-VALLEX MT cs, en 
PropBank (Kingsbury and Palmer 2002) PropBank + NomBank + PDTB PropBank lex. many en, ar, zh, fi, hi, ur, fa, pt, tr, de, fr 
FrameNet-based approaches such as SALSA (Erk and Pado 2004) e.g. TIGER Treebank (for SALSA) FrameNet   en, de, fr, ko 
Enju (Yakushiji et al. 2005) Enju Treebank   IE en, zh 
DELPH-IN (Oepen and Lønning 2006) DeepBank ERG many en, de, es, ja 
Sequoia (Candito et al. 2014) Sequoia     fr 
Abstract Meaning Representation (AMR; Banarescu et al. 2013) AMR Bank PropBank lex. many en, zh, pt, ko, vi, es, fr, de 
Universal Conceptual Cognitive Annotation (UCCA; Abend and Rappoport 2013) English Wiki, parallel fiction, etc.     en, de, fr 
Enhanced Universal Dependencies (Schuster and Manning 2016) Universal Dependencies   relation extraction ar, bg, cs, en, et, fi, it, lt, lv, nl, pl, ru, sk, sv, ta, uk 
FrameworkAssociated corpusAssociated lexical resourceUsed in NLP appsLanguages
Paninian framework (400 BC) HDTB, UDTB   MT hi, ur, bn, te 
Meaning-text theory (MTT; Zolkovskij and Mel’čuk 1965) SynTagRus, AnCora-UPF ECD MT ru, en, es, fr 
Functional Generative Description (FGD; Sgall 1967) PDT, PCEDT PDT-VALLEX MT cs, en 
PropBank (Kingsbury and Palmer 2002) PropBank + NomBank + PDTB PropBank lex. many en, ar, zh, fi, hi, ur, fa, pt, tr, de, fr 
FrameNet-based approaches such as SALSA (Erk and Pado 2004) e.g. TIGER Treebank (for SALSA) FrameNet   en, de, fr, ko 
Enju (Yakushiji et al. 2005) Enju Treebank   IE en, zh 
DELPH-IN (Oepen and Lønning 2006) DeepBank ERG many en, de, es, ja 
Sequoia (Candito et al. 2014) Sequoia     fr 
Abstract Meaning Representation (AMR; Banarescu et al. 2013) AMR Bank PropBank lex. many en, zh, pt, ko, vi, es, fr, de 
Universal Conceptual Cognitive Annotation (UCCA; Abend and Rappoport 2013) English Wiki, parallel fiction, etc.     en, de, fr 
Enhanced Universal Dependencies (Schuster and Manning 2016) Universal Dependencies   relation extraction ar, bg, cs, en, et, fi, it, lt, lv, nl, pl, ru, sk, sv, ta, uk 
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