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Table 2 
The six karaka relations of the Paninian syntax. Note that there is no karaka labeled k6, at least not in modern annotation schemes referring to the Paninian grammar, such as Begum et al. (2008). Relation number 6 denotes possession but it does not have the karaka status and is labeled r6.
k1 karta doer / agent / subject 
k2 karma patient / object 
k3 karana instrument 
k4 sampradaana recipient / beneficiary 
k5 apaadaana source 
k7 adhikarana location in space or time 
k1 karta doer / agent / subject 
k2 karma patient / object 
k3 karana instrument 
k4 sampradaana recipient / beneficiary 
k5 apaadaana source 
k7 adhikarana location in space or time 
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