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Table 1. 
Hit Rates for All Conditions in Experiments 1 and 2
 Experiment 1 (n = 30)Experiment 2 (n = 31)
PeriodicAperiodicEffect of Beat-based ExpectationsPeriodicAperiodicEffect of Beat-based Expectations
Beat 
Predictable 82 (14) 81 (15) +1 79 (17) 79 (17) 
Unpredictable 73 (19) 69 (23) +4 72 (17) 67 (20) +5** 
Effect of memory-based expectations +9** +12**   +7** +12**   
  
Offbeat 
Predictable 63 (20) 68 (21) −5* 64 (21) 72 (19) −8** 
Unpredictable 52 (22) 61 (26) −9** 51 (20) 60 (21) −9** 
Effect of memory-based expectations +11** +7*   +13** +12**   
 Experiment 1 (n = 30)Experiment 2 (n = 31)
PeriodicAperiodicEffect of Beat-based ExpectationsPeriodicAperiodicEffect of Beat-based Expectations
Beat 
Predictable 82 (14) 81 (15) +1 79 (17) 79 (17) 
Unpredictable 73 (19) 69 (23) +4 72 (17) 67 (20) +5** 
Effect of memory-based expectations +9** +12**   +7** +12**   
  
Offbeat 
Predictable 63 (20) 68 (21) −5* 64 (21) 72 (19) −8** 
Unpredictable 52 (22) 61 (26) −9** 51 (20) 60 (21) −9** 
Effect of memory-based expectations +11** +7*   +13** +12**   

Hit rates are reported as percentage hits. Standard deviations are in parentheses.

*

Simple effect significant at p < .05 (uncorrected).

**

Simple effect significant at p < .01 (uncorrected).

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