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Table 1. 
Demographic information for each group of subjects
 NumberSexAge (years)Months poststrokeEducation (years)Number w/AOSWAB AQLesion volume (cm3)Aphasia diagnosis
paragrammatic 25 9 Female 62.16* (9.91) 43.52* (36.42) 15.04^ (2.25) 8* 63.50^ (17.51) 108.78* (74.53) 3 anomia, 6 Broca’s, 13 conduction, 3 Wernicke’s 
agrammatic 15 6 Female 51.40*^ (13.60) 79.07* (56.09) 16.07 (2.89) 12*^ 61.41^ (12.92) 212.66*^ (55.11) 1 anomia, 12 Broca’s, 1 conduction, 1 global 
ngd 17 4 Female 61.06 (12.71) 66.71 (76.51) 16.41 (2.00) 80.28 (14.02) 80.66 (73.81) 10 anomia, 6 Broca’s, 1 conduction 
both 2 Female 50.75 (15.90) 91.00 (47.94) 16.50 (3.42) 65.18 (12.51) 150.64 (38.92) 3 Broca’s, 1 conduction 
 NumberSexAge (years)Months poststrokeEducation (years)Number w/AOSWAB AQLesion volume (cm3)Aphasia diagnosis
paragrammatic 25 9 Female 62.16* (9.91) 43.52* (36.42) 15.04^ (2.25) 8* 63.50^ (17.51) 108.78* (74.53) 3 anomia, 6 Broca’s, 13 conduction, 3 Wernicke’s 
agrammatic 15 6 Female 51.40*^ (13.60) 79.07* (56.09) 16.07 (2.89) 12*^ 61.41^ (12.92) 212.66*^ (55.11) 1 anomia, 12 Broca’s, 1 conduction, 1 global 
ngd 17 4 Female 61.06 (12.71) 66.71 (76.51) 16.41 (2.00) 80.28 (14.02) 80.66 (73.81) 10 anomia, 6 Broca’s, 1 conduction 
both 2 Female 50.75 (15.90) 91.00 (47.94) 16.50 (3.42) 65.18 (12.51) 150.64 (38.92) 3 Broca’s, 1 conduction 

Note. ngd = no grammatical deficit; AOS = apraxia of speech; WAB AQ = performance on the Western Aphasia Battery summary measure for overall aphasia severity. Four subjects classified as both (i.e., showing features of both agrammatism and paragrammatism) were included in the agrammatic and paragrammatic groups shown here, as well as separately.

*

Significant difference (p < 0.05) between the paragrammatic and agrammatic groups.

^

Significant difference between paragrammatic/agrammatic and no grammatical deficit.

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