Table 9. 
Spearman correlations between the proportion of female first authors 1996–2012 or the proportion change from 1996 to 2012 and the female citation advantage (full regression model 1 or reduced regression model 2). Pairwise sample sizes (between 168 and 325) are in the supplementary materials
CountryFemale proportion against female citation advantage (1)Female proportion against female citation advantage (2)Female change against female citation advantage (1)Female change against female citation advantage (2)
Australia .025 .013 .057 .068 
Canada −.052 −.058 .019 .027 
Ireland −.068 .005 .031 .060 
New Zealand −.197** −.164** .058 .019 
United Kingdom .010 −.048 .143* .098 
United States −.190*** −.156** .053 .014 
CountryFemale proportion against female citation advantage (1)Female proportion against female citation advantage (2)Female change against female citation advantage (1)Female change against female citation advantage (2)
Australia .025 .013 .057 .068 
Canada −.052 −.058 .019 .027 
Ireland −.068 .005 .031 .060 
New Zealand −.197** −.164** .058 .019 
United Kingdom .010 −.048 .143* .098 
United States −.190*** −.156** .053 .014 

*p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.

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